Importance of political theory for political science

Political theories

General: P. T. is a collective term for a large number of positions and declarations that serve to systematize political reality and political values ​​in such a way that general principles and regularities become visible.

1) What in detail as p. T. can apply is controversial in political science. A major distinction is made between normative and positive (or empirical) theories; H. whether the subject of the theoretical work is a target state (intention, wish, goal) or an actual state (fact, actual event). P. T. can also be seen as political science aids that model the most important elements of political reality and help to assess reactions, future events, probable consequences, etc.

2) To the modern p. In some cases: a) the state theories (e.g. what is, what should the state do?), B) the political systems theory (e.g. how do political systems work (political system)?), C) the political Control theories (e.g. why does reform A fail, labor market policy B succeeds?), D) conflict theories (e.g. why certain political interests prevail, others do not?), E) political exchange theories (e.g. .: Why do voters vote?), F) Transformation theories (eg: How do "peaceful" revolutions arise, what are their consequences?).
See also:
Political science
Political system

Source: Schubert, Klaus / Martina Klein: Das Politiklexikon. 7th, updated and exp. Edition Bonn: Dietz 2020. Licensed edition Bonn: Federal Agency for Civic Education.