Why is excavation important to study history

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Hans-Gerd Setz

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"Three-three-three, at Issos brawl": Many people still remember this saying from school lessons. "However, history is much more than school knowledge," says Hans-Gerd Setz, career advisor at the Idar-Oberstein Employment Agency. Anyone considering studying history must be enthusiastic about more in-depth questions of historical research: What was back then? How did this event come about? What conclusions can I draw from this for the present day? “The methods and working methods of the subject are primarily source and literature work. As a historian, one works primarily with contemporary written records and documents, ”explains Hans-Gerd Setz. “Researching and analyzing texts requires curiosity and perseverance as well as a good ability to think in terms of linguistic logic.” Usually, a good knowledge of foreign languages ​​such as ancient Greek, Latin, French or English is also required when applying for a degree. Corresponding evidence can be obtained at most universities within the first semester.

There is a wide range of courses with historical research topics. What the respective degree program is actually concerned with depends on the university and the orientation. Some specialize in certain epochs such as ancient, medieval, modern or contemporary history, others in certain regions such as the Middle East or America. Still other courses deal with regional, state and city history or economic or social history. In interdisciplinary courses such as Byzantine Studies or Ancient Near Eastern Studies, one deals not only with history, but also, for example, with the manners and customs, religion or literature of certain epochs and cultures.

Usually one or two other subjects are chosen in addition to history. "The 'historical auxiliary sciences'' such as papyrology, geoarchaeology, numismatics (coin science), diplomatics or linguistics can be used as a minor and supplementary subject," says Hans-Gerd Setz. "Depending on the professional goal, it can also be archiving, library, documentation, museology, cultural management, journalism or others." When studying to become a teacher, you also take a second subject as well as educational sciences.