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Energy for developing countries

Challenge

Worldwide around a billion people - especially in rural areas and in very remote regions - have no access to electricity. Their energy sources are usually wood, plant residues and animal manure. They use it to cook on an open fire and heat their home. If you have a connection to the power grid, your everyday life is very often characterized by power outages that can last for hours or even weeks.

However, access to cheap and reliable electricity supplies is essential for sustainable development and is particularly important in the areas of education, business and health. Without electricity, modern teaching at a school is not possible for teachers, nor is it possible for farmers to operate water pumps to irrigate their fields. Power failures during operations in hospitals can have fatal consequences.

The energy problem in developing countries is exacerbated by the fact that in these countries both the per capita energy requirement is increasing and the population growth is usually greater than the rate of electrification. Historical developments show that the high birth rates in developing countries usually only decrease significantly once a certain economic development has been achieved, and for this in turn access to reliable and affordable electricity is necessary. This must be ensured with renewable energies, especially in rural regions in developing countries, in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions there, avoid further population growth and curb local poverty.