Would you marry someone with flaws

The personal motivations of the applicants to pursue a marriage nullity procedure with the official office can be varied: They range from doubts about the validity of the entered marriage and the need to clarify their own ecclesiastical civil status to the personal wish to want to finish with a phase of life the concern to want to make one's own peace of mind with the church.

It is not uncommon for the desire to have a new ecclesiastical marriage or the ecclesiastical order of a long-standing second marriage to be the trigger for seeking a marriage nullity procedure.

What can be possible reasons for nullity of marriage?

Possible reasons that invalidate a marriage from a canonical point of view can be significant deficiencies that already existed at the time of the marriage, for example:

  • Formal defects in connection with church marriage, d. H. the external manner of church marriage is invalid for the Catholic Church due to formal deficiencies; B. because someone got married purely in a civil registry and thus, from a Catholic point of view, did not comply with the formal requirement. This also includes formal errors that church officials commit if they do not obtain the necessary authorization to perform before the church wedding.
  • Obstacles to marriage that make a person legally incapable of validly entering into marriage. A distinction is made between absolute barriers to marriage, which do not allow any exception - for example, an already existing church marriage - and relative barriers to marriage, from which the church can grant a legal exemption (dispensation) for some - for example in the case of a marriage with a non-baptized spouse. The possible existence of obstacles to marriage is checked as part of the marriage preparation when filling out the marriage preparation protocol.
  • Adeficient marriage will on the part of one or both spouses who, due to personal requirements or internal attitudes, impair the vows of one or both of them so seriously that a valid marriage in the ecclesiastical sense does not take place. This impairment must have existed at the time of the church marriage and makes it invalid for the church area, if z. B. one of the two spouses was forced to marry, or did not have the inner mental abilities to enter into or lead a marriage, or if someone wanted at best the appearance of a marriage. The vows of marriage are also seriously impaired if someone has excluded one of the essential core areas from the outset which, according to the Catholic understanding, are indispensable for marriage (unity, loyalty, indissolubility, order to the mutual good as well as to the procreation and upbringing of offspring) , or if one of the spouses only wanted to accept his / her consent to a limited extent, was mistaken in certain respects or was deceived by the other spouse.
  • The failed marriage wasnever sexually consummated.

The existence of one of these reasons, which is the prerequisite for a marriage being declared null and void, must be proven in the church annulment proceedings and confirmed by the church, which takes a certain amount of time due to the procedures and deadlines prescribed by church law. The type of possible ground for invalidity determines the procedural path to be followed.