CBSE will check again for failed candidates

encyclopedia

Organization in India

This article must be Updated. Please update this article to reflect current events or newly available information.((August 2020)

The Central Board for Secondary Education ((CBSE) is a national education authority in India for public and private schools controlled and administered by the Indian Union Government. CBSE has asked all affiliated schools to only follow the NCERT curriculum.[2] There are approximately 21,271 schools in India and 220 schools in 28 countries affiliated with the CBSE.[1][3] Of 309 schools in 1962, as in 2019, it has 21,271 schools and 228 schools in 25 countries.

history

The first educational body established in India was the Uttar Pradesh Board of High School and Intermediate Education in 1921, under the jurisdiction of Rajputana, central India and Gwalior.[4] In 1929 the Indian government set up a joint body called the Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana. This included Ajmer, Merwara, Central India and Gwalior. It was later restricted to Ajmer, Bhopal, and Vindhya Pradesh. In 1952 it became the Central Board of Secondary Education.

Affiliations

CBSE is a member of all Kendriya Vidyalayas, all Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, private schools and most of the schools approved by the Indian central government. There are 1,138 Kendriya Vidyalayas, 3,011 Government Schools, 16,741 Independent Schools, 595 Jawahar Novodaya Vidyalaya and 14 Central Tibetan Schools.[3]

exams

CBSE conducts the final exams for Grade 10 and Grade 12 every March. The results will be announced by the end of May.[5] The board previously conducted the AIEEE exam for admission to undergraduate engineering and architecture courses in colleges across India. However, the AIEEE exam was merged with the IIT-Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) in 2013. The joint test is now called JEE (Main) and will henceforth be carried out by the National Testing Agency.

CBSE also conducts AIPMT (All India Pre Medical Test) for admission to major medical colleges in India. In 2014, the implementation of the national aptitude test for the award of a young research fellowship and the suitability as an assistant professor at universities was outsourced to CBSE.[6]

In addition to these tests, CBSE also conducts the Central Teacher Eligibility Test and the optional Class X aptitude test.[6]

With the introduction of NET in 2014, the CBSE has grown to become the largest auditing body in the world.[6][7]

On November 10, 2017, the Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved a proposal to create a National Testing Agency (NTA) to act as the main autonomous body for conducting entrance exams in the country. As of 2018, various exams previously conducted by the CBSE have been transferred to the NTA, including the National Undergraduate Admission Exam, Joint Admission Exam - Main Exam, National Admission Exam, Central Universities Joint Admission Exam, and others.[8]

Advertising criteria

grade 10

For advancement from secondary (grades IX-X) to higher secondary (grades XI-XII), a student must receive a total of 33% for all subjects (or the best 5 if 6 subjects are taken) with no minimum theoretical requirement. Originally, the pass criteria were set so that a student had to achieve 33% both the theoretical and practical components. However, an exception was initially granted to students who took the exam in 2018 when they had gone through the old CCE system in the previous year.[9] However, CBSE later expanded this relief to students taking the exam in 2019 and later.[10] For a student who fails to pass up to two subjects, he can write the subject in these subjects in July. For those who fail the section or for those who fail three or more subjects, he / she must rewrite all subjects taken in the next year.

Grade 12

For grade 12 students, the overall promotion criteria are 33% and 33% in both theoretical and practical exams (if applicable). For a student who does not manage to pass on exactly one subject, he can write the subject for this subject in July. For those who fail the section or for those who fail in two or more subjects, he / she has to rewrite all subjects accepted in the next year.

Grading

For the exams in grades 10 and 12, the CBSE contains (together with the grades obtained) the positional grade received by the student, which depends on the average performance of the students in this subject. As a result, the thresholds required to obtain a particular grade vary every year.

class criteria
A1 Top 1/8 of the passed students in this subject
A2 The next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject
B1 The next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject
B2 The next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject
C1 The next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject
C2 The next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject
D1 The next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject
D2 The last eighth of the passed students in this subject
E. Failed students (either theoretical, practical, or overall)

The thresholds required to obtain a specific grade in 2018 are listed below:[12]

classEnglish coremathematicschemistryphysicsbiologybiotechnologyTechnical drawingComputer scienceeconomyaccountingBusiness administrationComputer science practicesMultimedia / Web Techpsychologysociology
A1 89 95 91 90 90 95 98 93 92 84 93 94 95 87
A2 84 84 81 82 84 91 95 88 85 73 83 91 78
B1 78 73 73 75 79 86 92 83 78 65 75 87 82 84 73
B2 72 63 67 69 74 83 89 78 70 59 67 78 79 66
C1 65 55 63 64 68 76 85 72 63 55 60 79 74 73
C2 57 46 60 61 62 80 55 49 67 67
D1 45 42 52 54 55 47 45 57
D2 33 33 Variable (33% theoretical and practical passport required)
class English language & literature mathematics science Social sciences Malayalam Hindi French
A1 92 92 87 90 96 93 97
A2 87 81 76 82 93 88 95
B1 83 70 67 74 90 83 92
B2 78 60 58 66 87 78 87
C1 73 50 49 58 84 72 82
C2 66 42 41 49 80 65 74
D1 56 34 34 41 73 54 62
D2 33 (minimum for all subjects)

During the CCE

In the years 2010-2017, when CBSE implemented a CCE (Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation) for students in class X, only the grades achieved by the student were mentioned in the certificate in a 9-point evaluation scale, which translates as follows:

class criteria
A1 > 90%
A2 81–90%
B1 71–80%
B2 61–70%
C1 51–60%
C2 41–50%
D. 33–40%
E1 21–32%
E2 0–20%

Results

2016

CGPAMALEFEMALETOTAL
10 85,316 83,225 1,68,541
9.8 26,313 24.545 50,858
9.6 28.522 24,223 52.745
9.4 35,587 25.882 61,469
9.2 33,674 25,171 58.845
9 35,167 26.270 61,437
8.8 36.453 26.154 62.607
8.6 37.532 25.945 63.477
8.4 38.590 25,383 63.973
8.2 37,681 24.663 62,344
8 38,248 24,217 62,465
7.8 38.560 23.607 62,167
7.6 37.804 22.680 60,484
7.4 36.814 21.410 58,224
7.2 35,287 20.497 55,784
7 34.755 19.803 54.558
6.8 33.824 18.677 52,501
6.6 32.099 17.559 49.658
6.4 29.774 16.428 46,202
6.2 27.367 15.509 42,876
6 25.542 14.472 40.014
5.8 22.568 13.094 35,662
5.6 18,126 11.128 29,254
5.4 13,206 8,684 21.890
5.2 9,120 6,142 15,262
5 6,116 4,036 10,152
4.8 3,582 2360 5,942
4.6 2,074 1,182 3,256
4.4 893 527 1.420
4.2 294 151 445
4 50 31 81
TOTAL8,40,9385,73,65514,14,593
AVERAGE7.918.148.00
CGPABLACKBOARDSCHOOLTOTAL
10 92,816 75.725 1,68,541
9.8 32,372 18.486 50,858
9.6 32,115 20.630 52.745
9.4 32,302 29,167 61,469
9.2 33.725 25.120 58.845
9 36,361 25.076 61,437
8.8 36,673 25.934 62.607
8.6 36.026 27.451 63.477
8.4 35,232 28.741 63.973
8.2 35,362 26.982 62,344
8 35,185 27.280 62,465
7.8 33.969 28,198 62,167
7.6 31.825 28.659 60,484
7.4 29.836 28.388 58,224
7.2 28.045 27.739 55,784
7 26,238 28.320 54.558
6.8 23.913 28.588 52,501
6.6 21,284 28,374 49.658
6.4 18.782 27.420 46,202
6.2 16.785 26.091 42,876
6 14.365 25.649 40.014
5.8 12.150 23.512 35,662
5.6 9,351 19.903 29,254
5.4 6,861 15.029 21.890
5.2 4,978 10,284 15,262
5 3,628 6,524 10,152
4.8 2,278 3,664 5,942
4.6 1,236 2,020 3,256
4.4 549 871 1.420
4.2 137 308 445
4 17 64 81
TOTAL7,24,3966,90,19714,14,593
AVERAGE8.217.798.00

moderation

  • Grade distributions for each subject and overall average in CBSE Class 12 exams 2015
  • Distribution of Subject 1. Grades Note the unusual peak for 95, 33 and a few other marks, and a sudden drop in frequency for 96 marks and above.

  • Distribution of the grades of subject 2. The peaks are still standing.

  • Subject 3 Distribution of grades. The peaks persist, but there are fewer students who score zero on the exam due to science students who skipped the theory exam and only got their practical grade.

  • Subject 4 Distribution of grades. The peaks are still standing.

  • Subject 5 distribution of points. The peaks still remain lower, as there is no moderation used in subjects like computer science.

  • Overall average (first five subjects without additional subjects, if taken) for the same class and the same year. The high at zero was mainly due to students who did not show up for exams at all. The distribution in this case is much more normal and symmetrical than the distribution of the individual subjects.[14]

It is the practice adopted by CBSE to optimize candidates' grades to accommodate paper difficulties and fluctuations. This has been criticized in the past for inflating student grades in a highly competitive one-grade society.[15] and CBSE is about to end it.[when?] In 2017, CBSE announced that moderation would be stopped entirely. However, the decision has been challenged by a trial in the Delhi Supreme Court which ruled that moderation should continue for this year.[16]

With the exception of 2018, moderation was used to account for differences in regional rates (as students in different regions would then answer different questionnaires). In 2018 when everyone around the world was answering the same questions,[17] This practice was renamed Standardization, with the CBSE gradually the practice with the reduction on subjects that were given the offset.

In 2018, math, physics, chemistry and accounting got an offset of +9, business administration +6 and English an offset of +3. In 2019, the moderation awarded up to 11 additional points:[18]

object Offset (2019) Offset (2018) Offset (2017) Offset (2016)
mathematics 11 9 10 15
physics 11 9 9 8
chemistry 10 9 9 7
biology 5 0 3 0
Political science 6 0 5 5
economy 5 0 3 6
Business administration 5 6 6 11
sociology 2 0 0 6
geography 1 0 0 8

The overall grade that a student receives through moderation must not exceed 95. if so, it is cut at 95 unless the student's actual grade is 96 or more. This is why a grade of 95 is relatively common for such subjects and why it is much It's harder to get 96 than it is to get 95.

Moderation was also used in the infamous CBSE Grade 12 math papers of 2015 and 2016, where the paper caused a stir when students and teachers complained that the paper was too hard.[19] Despite an allegedly strong offset of +16 (+15 for Delhi)[20] Student grades fell (especially for 2016), while the A1 limit was stable (90), the A2 limit fell to 77, while other grades also saw a decrease in the limit.

Moderation can also take the form of giving Gracefulness Grades so students who scored near the pass grade can pass. This is why grades between 25 and 33 are unknown in subjects like math, and it also explains why the difference between D1 and D2 cutoffs is sometimes very small.

Changes for the 2019 exam

Earlier duration for professional exams

The CBSE has decided that professional exams (which very few students take) should be held earlier - in mid / late February compared to March for most other exams. This is to ensure that the exams are finished sooner.[21][22]

Other internal options

For many core courses, the number of internal choices (where students choose one to answer out of two) has increased.[23]

Changes to the English paper

The English Class 12 (core) paper has been modified to make it less "faster".[24]

Changes for the 2020 exam

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) will run two separate math exams in the Grade 10 board exam starting in 2020. The current math exam is now Mathematics Standard, and a simpler version of math has been introduced (called Mathematics Basic). Students taking the latter version will not be allowed to continue studying mathematics.

The ability to choose math is mentioned on the registration form for the CBSE board grade 10 exam. Candidates must select their choice of test as they complete the registration form for the 2020 CBSE Class 10 Board Exam.[25]

The Minister for Personnel Development (HRD) ordered the postponement of the pending investigations during the coronavirus outbreak. The postponed exams should be held between July 1st and 15th.[26][27] On June 26, CBSE published a circular canceling the remaining exams and giving ratings based on internal exams and ratings at other schools.[28] This decision was made after a court ruling.[29]

2018 question paper leak

In March 2018, there were reports that CBSE Class 10 Mathematics and Class 12 Economics Question Papers had been leaked.[30] In response, CBSE announced that these exams will be canceled and re-exams will be held.[30] However, CBSE later announced that there will be no re-exam for grade 10 math paper as the paper leak may have been limited to a few alleged beneficiaries.[31]

On April 7, 2018, Rakesh Kumar (a business teacher) and two other employees of a private school in Una, Himachal Pradesh, were arrested for leaking Grade 12 business papers.[32] According to the police, Rakesh Kumar went into the strong room of a bank to pick up packages with question papers from IT, but also a package with questions on economic issues.[32] He asked a student to make a handwritten copy of the question paper (so as not to be traced from the handwriting).[32] He then sent photos of the handwritten copy of the paper to a relative in Punjab on WhatsApp.[32] This relative shared the photos with her son and nephew, which they shared with their friends in WhatsApp groups, from where they were forwarded to other WhatsApp groups.[32] On April 12, 2018, police announced that Rakesh Kumar, who leaked the grade 12 business paper, had also leaked the grade 10 math paper.[33] As a result, the Central Board of Secondary Education has set up a system of “encrypted” questionnaires that schools should print half an hour before the exam begins.[34]

Regional offices

CBSE currently has 10 regional offices:

  • Delhi: NCT from Delhi and overseas schools.
  • Chennai: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Daman and Diu, Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu and Telangana.
  • Guwahati: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.
  • Ajmer: Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.
  • Panchkula: Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab.
  • Allahabad: Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
  • Patna: Bihar and Jharkhand.
  • Bhubaneswar: Chhattisgarh, Odisha and West Bengal.
  • Thiruvananthapuram: Kerala and Lakshadweep.
  • Dehradun: Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

Foreign schools

According to the CBSE official website, there are 28 state and private schools in various countries outside of India. The main reason for their establishment is to serve the Indian community abroad, or at least the children or relatives of Indian diplomats.

Current countries

For countries where the population of Indian nationals exceeds even the native population of the country, or countries where they make up a significant part of the population like Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, etc. Indian embassies set up CBSE schools and have allowed Indians or local residents to set up private CBSE schools to serve the needs of Indians in that particular country.

In countries where Indians do not live, Indian diplomatic missions have set up schools in countries such as Russia and Iran that mainly serve children of diplomats.

See also

References

  1. ^ ab“About CBSE”.
  2. ^“Only NCERT books at all CBSE schools”.
  3. ^ ab“CBSE Introduction”.
  4. ^“History (and Extension) of the Central Secondary Examination Committee”. studypost.com. December 16, 2017. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
  5. ^“Announcement of CBSE Results: Grade 12 on Nov.May, Class 10 on May 27 ”. news.biharprabha.com. May 23, 2015. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
  6. ^ abc“After UGC fails, CBSE NET performs”. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  7. ^“NET should take place under the supervision of CBSE”. The Hindu. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  8. ^"National Testing Agency". www.nta.ac.in.. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
  9. ^"CBSE says that a total of 33% of the points are enough to pass grade 10 this year". hindustantimes.com. February 27, 2018. Retrieved August 25, 2018.
  10. ^"CBSE makes it easier to pass Grade 10 criteria as combined grades that have been extended from the 2019 board exams". News18. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
  11. ^“Evaluation Information” (PDF). cbseacademic.nic.in.
  12. ^Not published publicly by CBSE but can be verified against student grades
  13. ^ ab“Press release for grade 10” (PDF). CBSE. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  14. ^For the given dataset, when students took improvement exams (i.e. paraphrased them) and therefore wrote fewer than five subjects, the average of those subjects alone was taken. In all other cases, such as absenteeism from an exam for which the student has been registered, a score of 0 will be awarded in this case. This means that it is not possible to tell from the graphic - even though it is the data set - whether a student actually scored zero or did not show up for the exam himself.
  15. ^“2018 CBSE Findings: The Curious Case of‘ Magic Mark 95 ‘“ ”.
  16. ^“CBSE moderation series: The board awarded up to 11 additional points in this year's exams of the 12th grade - Firstpost.”. firstpost.com.
  17. ^This article shows evidence that CBSE returned to previous practice in 2019: Chakrabarty, Roshni (March 7, 2019).
    "CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Paper Analysis: The Board Examiner says the moderate paper, reviews student reactions, and the full question paper."IndiaToday.in. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
  18. ^ ab5; if so, it is cut at 95 unless the student's actual grade is 96 or more. This is why a grade of 95 is relative
  19. ^"A CBSE math paper that's tough enough to make students cry". March 16, 2016.
  20. ^"Without further‘ moderation ’the results of the CBSE class XII will probably decrease. They will lower the DU limits. ”. 18th May 2017.
  21. ^"CBSE 10th, 12th Board Exams 2019 Date Sheet Released, Check It Out Now". Hindustan Times. December 23, 2018. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  22. ^“The Info” (PDF). cbseacademic.nic.in. 2018.
  23. ^“The Info” (PDF). cbseacademic.nic.in. 2018.
  24. ^“Notification” (PDF). cbseacademic.nic.in. 2018.
  25. ^https://www.business-standard.com/article/education/cbse-class-10-exam-2020-2-separate-examination-to-be-held-for-mathematics-119081000615_1.html
  26. ^"CBSE board exams postponed due to coronavirus outbreak". NDTV.com. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  27. ^“CBSE Board Class 10, 12 Exam Date Sheet 2020 HIGHLIGHTS:‘ Step is inappropriate ’, parents refuse to move”. The Indian Express. May 19, 2020. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
  28. ^Bharadwaj, Dr. Shayam (June 25, 2020). “CBSE / CE / SPS / 2020” (PDF). CBSE. CBSE. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  29. ^“वीं 10 वीं -12 वीं के जुलाई में होने वाले एग्जाम रद्द होंगे, जानिए अब स्टूडेंट्स के पास क्या हैं विकल्प”. News18 India. January 1, 1970. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  30. ^ ab“CBSE Paper Leak: Board Announces Re-Examination; HRD initiates probe ”. The economic times. Press Trust of India. March 28, 2018. Archived from the original on March 30, 2018. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  31. ^Shihabudeen Kunju S (April 3, 2018). “No Retest for Grade 10 Math Paper: CBSE”. NDTV. Archived from the original on April 4, 2018. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  32. ^ abcdeSikdar, Shubhomoy (April 8, 2018). "How a Punjab housewife led the Delhi police to the source of the CBSE Economics paper leak". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  33. ^"A teacher leaked both CBSE economics and math questionnaires: Police". Business standard. Press Trust of India. April 12, 2018. Archived from the original on April 12, 2018. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  34. ^"Contacts". CBSE. Archived from the original on June 12, 2007. Retrieved December 3, 2016.

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