Muhammad Ali lifted weights

Boxing: history and rules


Boxing was first introduced at the Olympic Games in 1904. In St. Louis there are seven weight classes, now there are a total of 13: ten for men and three for women, who will fight for Olympic medals for the first time in London in 2012. Boxing was not an Olympic game at the Stockholm Games in 1912, but it was reopened in Antwerp in 1920. New in Rio: For the first time, professionals are allowed to step into the ring at the Olympics.

Banned in Germany until 1908

In Germany boxing was banned as a competitive sport until 1908. It was only four years later that boxing began to take shape in Germany as well: The German Boxer Association (DBV) was born in 1912, and the first national championship fights took place in the same year. Boxing is divided internationally into professional boxing and amateur boxing. National amateur associations founded the Association Internationale de Boxe Amateur (AIBA) in London in 1920. Among the professionals, however, numerous independent boxing associations have emerged over the years, each of which has its own world champion.

Ali, Frazier, Foreman, Sugar Ray - illustrious list of winners

A number of the greatest boxers of all time sign on the list of winners at the Olympic Games before moving onto the pro camp: Floyd Patterson, Cassius Clay (Muhammad Ali), Joe Frazier, George Foreman, Sugar Ray Leonard, Lennox Lewis, Oscar de la Hoya , Wladimir Klitschko. Three boxers manage to win gold at three Olympic Games: Hungarian Laszlo Papp (1948 middleweight, 1952 and 1956 light middleweight) as well as Cuba's heavyweight legends Teofilo Stevenson (1972 to 1980) and Felix Savon (1992 to 2000) secure the triple .

Scandalous verdict at the 1988 Olympics

Like the professionals, the amateurs also have to contend with scandals. In 1988 in Seoul, Roy Jones Junior (USA) beat up his Korean opponent Si-Hun Park with every trick in the book. The judges, however, rate Park, who wins the gold medal. The decision is still considered to be one of the biggest misjudgments in boxing history. Then the so-called point computer is introduced to evaluate the fights. This system will no longer exist in Rio. At the end of each round, the referees will evaluate who has won it. In addition, the head protection obligation is lifted for the professionals.