What are the new media technologies


Based on a recently published qualitative-reconstructive study on “generation-specific media practice cultures” (Schäffer 2003a), selected methodological and methodological issues are to be discussed in this article. For this purpose, I will first clarify formal sociological and educational categories that are important for the work, since here - against the background of the paradigm of the documentary method represented here (Bohnsack 1997) - the course is also given for the methodological and methodological conception of a research project. The central theoretical concepts of the work include that of the generation and that of habitual dealing with the media. Initially, I will outline the first-mentioned term by examining relevant quantitative research designs (especially cohort approaches) in order to then reposition it using Karl Mannheim's concept of generation and make it fruitful for media-pedagogical generation research. When it comes to the concept of habitual dealing with the media, I refer to the approach of the sociologist of technology Bruno Latour and introduce the concept of generation-specific media practice cultures. Following this, I present the research design and its empirical implementation in its most important aspects, and in particular go into the process of type formation. Finally, I will present a central result of the study - a typology of habitual behavior with media technologies - and then briefly outline their media-pedagogical relevance.