Do ducks have rabies
American foulbrood (bees)
This disease is a highly contagious bacterial infectious disease that affects the brood of the affected bee colonies. The pathogen, Paenibacillus larvae larvae, is transmitted to the bee brood (larvae) with the food through its permanent form, the foulbrood spores. After the cell is covered, the infected larvae transform into a brown, stringy mass that becomes darker and darker as it dries out. Due to the lack of offspring, the bee colony becomes so small that it can no longer survive.
The disease is harmless to humans, the honey can still be consumed without any restrictions.
Classic avian influenza = highly pathogenic avian influenza (poultry, waterfowl)
Wild water birds (e.g. ducks, swans) represent the essential reservoir of all naturally occurring influenza A virus types, especially for low pathogenic influenza viruses (less severe forms). Transitions to domestic poultry (e.g. chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese) and mammals are possible from this reservoir. The low pathogenic influenza viruses can in rare cases mutate into the highly pathogenic form; then the clinical picture of avian influenza emerges. Classic avian influenza occurs particularly in chicken and turkey populations with high death rates and is therefore of great economic importance worldwide.
The classic avian influenza viruses can in exceptional cases with high infectious doses and close contact between animals and humans also be transmitted to humans and cause fatal diseases there.
Classic swine fever (pigs)
Classical swine fever, a viral disease, is a loss-making animal disease that occurs worldwide and is of great commercial and economic importance. The disease only affects domestic pigs and wild boars. In the typical form of classic swine fever, there are different forms: acute (including with internal bleeding), subacute (including with central nervous symptoms), chronic (including local inflammation of the digestive and respiratory tract). Many deaths occur in the atypical form, especially in young animals and piglets. The subclinical form is characterized by worrying and infertility. Finally, there is the clinically inapparent form in which no clinical symptoms can be identified.
The disease cannot be transmitted to humans and is therefore not dangerous for humans.
Foot and mouth disease = FMD (especially cloven-hoofed animals, e.g. cattle, pigs, sheep, goats)
Foot and mouth disease is a general feverish disease of the cloven-hoofed animals caused by viruses, which leads to the formation of blisters and erosions on mucous membranes and hairless parts of the skin, especially in the area of the mouth and claws. The disease is usually not fatal in adult animals, but leads to a long-term decline in performance (e.g. decline in milk yield in dairy cows). In young animals, high death rates can occur due to damage to the heart muscle.
FMD is one of the most economically important animal diseases. Their particular importance is based on their high level of contagion and the economic losses resulting from the necessary culling of infected stocks and the drastic blocking and control measures.
Infections in humans with FMD viruses are extremely rare and usually only occur through direct contact with infected animals or through infected milk. After an incubation period of 2 - 6 days, there is initially a fever and general fatigue. As the disease progresses, vesicles the size of a pinhead to a cent can develop on the lips, in the mouth and throat, as well as on the hands and feet. All skin changes usually heal within 10 days; the prognosis in humans is favorable.
Rabies (especially foxes, dogs, cats)
Rabies is a viral infectious disease that occurs around the world. Since the disease can be transmitted from animals to humans, it is called a zoonosis. According to estimates by the World Trade Organization (WHO), up to 55,000 people die each year, especially in the poorer countries of Africa and Asia. A distinction is made between the following types of rabies:
The rabies virus is excreted in saliva. Transmission from animal to animal and to humans usually takes place directly through bites, but infections can also occur through contamination of wounds with infectious saliva. In the classic form there are 3 stages:
- Preliminary stage (changed behavior, nervousness, irritability)
- Arousal stage (restlessness, excitement, aggressiveness, bite or mad rage)
- Paralysis stage (paralysis, coma, death or silent anger)
Since 2008, Germany - like many other Western and Central European countries - has been officially free of classic rabies.
The transmission can take place here via the air, e.g. through dust in bat caves.
Bats can get sick with symptoms of frenzied anger, but in most cases they go through subclinical infection. So far, rabies viruses have been found in insectivorous bats in several European countries, especially those bordering the Baltic and North Seas (including Northern Germany).
Bat rabies has rarely been transmitted to humans. In Europe, five human deaths have been attributed to bat rabies since 1977. The infection occurs through contact with the saliva of infected animals. Bite or scratch injuries to the skin are the main routes of transmission.
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