Poland is part of the European Union

Poland

Capital: Warsaw


Language:
Polish


Year of accession to the European Union:
2004

Poland is a little smaller than Germany.

There are long sandy beaches in the north. In the south, on the border with Slovakia, are the High Tatras.

In addition to many meadows in the lowlands, Poland also has the last primeval forest in Europe: the Bialowieza National Park is a huge forest area with rare animals and plants.

As early as the 10th century, different tribes united and founded the state of Poland. A little later, the Teutonic Order came to Poland.

The friars in Danzig particularly liked it. Because there the two rivers Motława and Dead Vistula converge.

An ideal starting point for the order to make Gdansk one of the most important port cities in Central Europe.

Soon afterwards a "Golden Age" began not only for Gdansk, but for the whole country: In the 14th century Poland merged with neighboring Lithuania and at that time the largest state in Europe emerged!

Poland's successful course ended in the 18th century: the once so powerful country lost its independence and was divided among the neighboring states of Russia, Prussia and Austria. After World War I, Poland became a republic. In World War II, Germany and the Soviet Union divided Poland among themselves. After World War II, the republic was restored.

If you want to take a trip into Poland's glorious past, you should definitely visit Malbork Castle. It was built in the Middle Ages by the knights of the Teutonic Order and is still the largest brick castle in Europe today.

You can find out first hand what it looked like in the times of the knights: The old walls house a museum in which old weapons and knight armor are exhibited.

Poland in pictures:

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