What does historical empathy mean?

empathy, the


It is important [...] to differentiate between different forms of empathy: a cognitive and an emotional empathy. We speak of cognitive perspective assumption when we know that the other is suffering and abstractly assess this as bad, but do not empathize. Affective empathy then describes real emotional resonance, in which those neural networks are activated that also underlie one's own feelings. That is then real empathy, and there is also an associated physical reaction. [Die Welt, 08/15/2011]

Recently, there have been an increasing number of articles dealing with the pros and cons of having too much or too little compassion, mindfulness, and empathy. Some say that too much empathy exhausts us and burns us out and too much mindfulness makes us egoists. [Die Zeit, 02.06.2017 (online)]

If an animal imitates the behavior of a conspecific, this is in some cases a sign of empathy, i.e. the ability to empathize with others. [Süddeutsche Zeitung, 13.03.2017]

Numerous studies show that humans perceive robots as social actors - even soldiers tend to develop empathy for military robots. [Neue Zürcher Zeitung, May 11, 2016]

A combination of cognitive empathy (the understanding of mental states) and affective empathy (the emotional reaction to the state of mind of another) is the perfect recipe for effective communication, according to Goleman. [Der Standard, April 28, 2015]