How can India grow anywhere

India from north to south, east to west

North India

The Himalayas and the Ganges plain are indispensable regions in India's north. The Himalaya, a mountain range with a length of 2,400 km, forms the border with China, Nepal and Tibet. Here in the mountains, the temperatures are the lowest due to the alpine climate. In contrast, the temperatures in the Ganges plain can easily rise to 40 to 45 degrees Celsius in the middle of the year, with high humidity at the same time, a particularly unpleasant heat.

The Ganges plain runs parallel to the Himalayas. It includes the three basins of the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers and has a flat relief, which is predestined for floods during the monsoons.

South india

The southern part of India specifically includes the beaches of Goa, Tamil Nadu, Bombay and Bangalore. In this region, the monsoons start in early June and then head north before sweeping across the country during the first days of July. The rest of the year temperatures are comfortable, especially during the cooler seasons when they remain mild.

flickr cc Mikhail Esteves

The seasons in India

The climatic conditions differ greatly from the north to the south of the country. India knows three seasons: hot, humid and cool. In the north, the heat sets in in February and then prevails between April and May. From then on, the monsoons are characterized by moisture, thunderstorm and humid rain and other storms. In October it disappears again to make way for cool nights in the north and pleasantly mild temperatures in the south.

The fauna and flora of India

Monkeys and elephants are the animals you will come across most often during your trip to India. The former are very common in northern India and are sometimes aggressive. They can be found anywhere between downtown Delhi and the Himalayan forests. After all, macaques often occupy an important place in the hearts of many Indians and also in the temples where Hanuman is worshiped. The elephants are sacred and are used as taxis in Rajasthan. They can also appear in the big cities and have their trunk stroked as a sign of a blessing.

The Indian flora is spectacularly rich. More than 40,000 plant species grow there, depending on the different climatic and geographical conditions of the subcontinent. For example, flower garlands that adorn newlyweds in India are made from the petals of the country's roses. Numerous other flowers such as the Indian carnation, jasmine, lotus flower or hibiscus thrive in abundance in India.

To protect the current biodiversity in India, around 100 national parks have been opened.

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Updated on October 2, 2015