What is an ankle bone

Hand and foot tutorial

Basic proportions (hand)

The basic shapes of a hand are not perfectly square or parallel, so it is easy to make mistakes. With your fingers spread, they all point in different directions. Because the origin and length of the fingers are different, the joints are not in a straight line.

Note that the thumb moves in a different direction than the rest of the fingers.



To allow movement, the skin on the joints is relatively loose and thin. The flexion marks on the palm side do not necessarily have to line up with the joints. These lines may not be visible in simple drawing styles. However, knowing where they are and where the skin is overlapping can help with drawing the flexion of the fingers.



The skin can be understood a bit like curtains. If you want to add more details, add more folds,. These wrinkles are easier to see in the elderly, so don't use them too often on young hands.



Children's hands

Children's hands are proportionally slightly different, which causes the fingers to appear thicker and shorter and the wrist to appear wider. All baby fat forms wrinkles around the ankles and joints. The knuckles on the back of the hand show dimples that disappear with age, while the knuckle bones become more prominent.


Straight lines vs. curves

The outside of the hand is usually straighter and harder, so the hands can be used for combat and self-defense, while the inside of the hand is soft for holding tools and touching things.



Representing the shapes of the hand with bold straight and curved lines can make the hand movements more dynamic and expressive. The more you see the palm, the softer the shapes will be. Sometimes it can vary depending on the angle and shape of your hand.



The nails are not flat. They wrap around the shape of the finger. Notice how they adapt to your skin. This can vary slightly from person to person.

Longer nails don't grow in a straight line, but rather curve a little the longer they get.



Step by step

When sketching the hands, it's easier to start with a very simple glove shape that you can easily imagine in perspective. It is easy to get lost in the details of all the different hand components, but save that for later. Regardless of which style you choose, it is better to start simply. This way, you can achieve a stronger silhouette and more expression of the hand without being distracted. From this point you can apply perspective and anatomical knowledge and check references. The best reference is looking at your own hands in the mirror or with a camera.



Basic proportions (feet)

The soft fat pads under the feet (and toes) are located on the outside of the sole of the foot for better stability when walking. This side is deeper than the inner part of the foot and leaves footprints when walking barefoot.


The toes are not arranged in a straight line. The second toe is positioned a little higher. The fourth and little toes tend to have a more pointed shape and are slightly more curved than the others.



The inner ankle is higher than the outer ankle. Just imagine the big toe is pushing it up, so it's higher on the side of the big toe. The lower leg area connects to the feet as a curve, not a straight line.




The big toe has one less joint, so it doesn't contract as much as the other toes. The fat pads that form the soles of the feet and the underside of the toes are also clearly visible from the side.




Not only are the lower leg and foot stacked on top of each other like cylinders, but they interlock in a shape that runs under the ankles for ease of movement.



The toes don't bend as much as the fingers because they are much shorter. They do not touch the heel side of the foot because they are usually not needed to grip things and are usually on the ground most of the time.



Children's feet

Children's feet are smaller and softer with more curves. Baby feet in particular haven't walked a lot, so the fat pads on the soles of the feet are softer and appear larger. Because of the bacon that covers them, the knuckles are barely visible and form prominent folds.



Step by step

Just like drawing the hands, it is better to break the feet down into simpler shapes. The movement of the feet is more restricted than that of the hands, as they are mainly used for standing and walking. The big toe can be viewed separately from the other toes for the most dynamic posture. Drawing the sole of the foot can be difficult from certain angles. The inner part is higher and barely touches the ground.


One must not forget how the lower leg area and the ankle interact to harmonize the two parts of the body in perspective.


Toes or fingers lined up together can often be gathered together with an arch that makes the gesture clearer and stronger. Make sure to emphasize the gesture whenever possible.



I hope this tutorial has been helpful.



Miyuli (freelance illustrator and cartoonist)