What is the tuition fee exemption

Exemptions / exemptions from tuition fees in Bavaria

This is what the exemptions and exceptions to general tuition fees in Bavaria (which have been abolished since the 2013/2014 winter semester) look like.

Regulation in the event of de-registration during (or even before the beginning) of the semester

No provision in the Higher Education Act. Regulation varied from college to college.

Exemptions from the obligation to pay fees

(Section 71, Paragraph 5, Clause 1 of the Bavarian Higher Education Act)

In the case of these exceptions, the university should voluntarily refrain from charging fees.

  1. Semester on leave
    Students had to be on leave for the entire duration (see Section 48 Paragraphs 2 and 4 of the University Act)

  2. Internship semester
    Only practical semesters were meant that were stipulated as mandatory in the examination regulations (“occupational or training-related activity within the meaning of Art. 56 Paragraph 1 Clause 3 [Bay. University Act]”). For voluntary internships, you could possibly apply for a semester of leave.

  3. Practical year with doctors
    Official wording in the law: "Semesters in which only the practical year according to § 1 Paragraph 2 Clause 1 No. 1 in conjunction with § 3 of the Licensing Regulations for Doctors of June 27, 2002 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 2405) in the currently applicable Version is completed "

  4. PhD studies
    However, exemption for a maximum of six semesters

Exemption from the obligation to pay fees / waiver

(Section 71, Paragraph 5, Clause 2 of the Bavarian Higher Education Act [unless otherwise specified])

An application had to be made before the beginning of the semester in order to benefit from an exemption. Depending on the university, the deadline could coincide with the end of the re-registration period (i.e. before the start of the semester), some universities also accepted an application in the first month of the semester. This could also mean that you first had to pay the fee and only then was reimbursed.

  1. Students with disabled child (ren) or child (ren) under the age of eighteen (since winter semester 2009/2010, previous age limit ten)
    As a rule - if both parents were students - only one parent could get an exemption.

  2. A maximum of 500 euros tuition fees if at least two biological children are subject to fees (regulation since winter semester 2009/2010)
    The second chargeable child of the birth parents (attention: only the children of the birth parents counted, not step siblings brought into the family by a new spouse) could apply for an exemption. But only if it was studying at the same time as the other paying sibling. It did not matter where the sibling paid tuition fees / contributions, and the amount of the tuition fees / contributions did not matter (the semester fee or re-registration fees did not count!), As long as it was at a university (including a private one) within the EU. If one child studied first and then the other in Bavaria, both had to pay. If you have three siblings or more, the following rule may have applied. Adopted children counted as a biological child under both schemes.

  3. The biological parents have at least three children for whom there is child benefit or who are doing military / alternative / social service
    For at least three biological children (the student is also considered here) of the biological parents of the student, there was child benefit (according to the Federal Child Benefit Act or comparable benefits from an EU member state). There was no child benefit during military / alternative / social service, but siblings who perform such service also count. If there was no longer any child benefit because the children in question are between 25 and 27, they also counted. What was important, however, was the restriction that it was about biological children of the biological parents (or adoptive parents), i.e. children for whom there is actually a maintenance obligation. A stepparent, on the other hand, generally has no formal maintenance obligation, so their children are NOT counted.

  4. Enrollment at several universities (but no double studies!)
    It was just about not having to pay twice. Section 71 (1) sentence 5 describes in more detail: “When studying at several universities, the tuition fee must be paid at each university, unless the course is based on study or examination regulations through simultaneous enrollment at several universities; In this case, the tuition fee is only to be paid at the university where the focus of the course is located. "

  5. Giftedness
    It was up to the university who they consider “gifted”. The law (Section 71, Paragraph 5, Clause 3) stated: "The universities can also provide that up to 10% of the students are exempted from the obligation to pay contributions in whole or in part, also with effect for the past, for special achievements."

  6. In certain cases: foreign students
    Quotation from the law: "Foreign students who are enrolled within the framework of intergovernmental or international agreements or university agreements that guarantee exemption from taxes"

Hardship regulation

University Act § 71, Paragraph 5, Clause 2 provided for a hardship regulation under 4.: "[Upon request, the following are exempted from the obligation to pay contributions: ...] 4. Students for whom a tuition fee is charged due to special circumstances of the individual case, also taking into account the regulations in paragraph 7 represents an unreasonable hardship. "

The reference to the student loan (these are the regulations in paragraph 7 of the same paragraph in the University Act) should obviously exclude that the hardship rule is applied for purely financial reasons. If you don't have any money, you can still get the loan, according to the logic. However, those who could not receive the loan (e.g. certain foreigners from non-EU countries) might have had a chance here. Or if other special features came together.