Which is more powerful BHP or HP
Formula 1 engines: how much horsepower does an F1 car have? Technical data in the history
For a long time, the F1 teams were silent about the performance of their engines. Bare horsepower figures are the only thing that makes the highly complex power units at least a bit sexy. The fans complain about the lack of sound, the drivers complain about the high weight and the aerodynamicists have no idea how to hide the bulky hybrid components and the huge intercooler under the carbon hood to save space.
Even the name of the engine formula does not seem particularly exciting: 1.6 liter V6 turbo hybrid - that sounds more like a Toyota Prius than a Grand Prix monster. With a displacement of just 266 cubic centimeters per cylinder, it is difficult to imagine how this will ultimately result in horsepower records. But especially in qualifying, when the hot mappings for maximum gasoline flow are activated and the batteries are completely drained, things are really moving forward. And thanks to the wider Pirelli tires introduced in 2017, the power and high torque are finally arriving on the asphalt.
1,000 hp already exceeded
Initially, no manufacturer wanted to confirm that the 1,000 hp had long been exceeded. Actually, this number and the associated engineering achievement should be celebrated in a big way. Instead, values such as fuel consumption (almost 50 liters / 100km) or thermal efficiency (more than 50 percent) were emphasized. For comparison: The V10 engines in the period between 2000 and 2005 were less than 30 percent energy efficient with the same output. But that doesn't knock real Formula 1 fans off their feet.
And who now has the most powerful engine in Formula 1? According to Mercedes, Ferrari is currently a tad ahead. The Italians, on the other hand, maintain that the top speed advantage is mainly related to the lower air resistance. After questioning various engineers, we would say that Ferrari mobilizes a few more horses, but Mercedes is ahead in terms of consumption.
Renault made the biggest leap in the 2019 winter break. And the Franzsoen were the first manufacturer to lower their pants before the German GP. “We have 1,000 hp at the top,” says engine manager Remi Taffin. The engine department in Viry-Chatillon was able to find 64 hp according to internal measurements, if you compare the current expansion stage with the previous year's model. So the gap to the market leader is - as far as you can hear - just over 10 hp. Honda was also able to improve significantly recently, but is still missing around 30 hp compared to Ferrari and Mercedes.
Compared to the early days of F1 hybrid technology in 2014, however, the power density has become significantly better. Max Verstappen's successes in Spielberg and Hockenheim have shown that you can win races with any engine today.
Alfa Romeo produced an incredible 430 hp in 1951
With their 1,000 hp, the engines are not at the forefront when it comes to comparison with previous drive formulas. We begin our look back into the early days of Formula 1 history with the regulations of the first two years 1950 and 1951. At that time, 4.5 liter naturally aspirated engines or 1.5 liter displacement with supercharging were allowed. While Ferrari fully exhausted the capacity limit with its twelve-cylinder engines, Alfa Romeo relied on an in-line eight-cylinder with a supercharger. And unleashed an incredible 430 hp in 1951. However, the engines were so voracious that the Alfa drivers had to refuel at some races.
The narrow-gauge Formula 1 came in 1952 and 1953. They were actually Formula 2 cars with a displacement of two liters because there weren't enough vehicles under the old GP regulations. Ferrari's four-cylinder and Maserati's R6 didn't do much. One came to 190, the other to 195 hp.
From 1954, Formula 1 was allowed to step on the gas again. The displacement limit was now at 2,500 cm³. The in-line eight-cylinder in the Mercedes W96 set the standard for a long time with 290 hp in its last version. Ferrari did not climb above this mark until 1959 with 300 hp from a V6 engine. But despite its horsepower advantage, the concept was no longer suitable for a title. Cooper-Climax won the title in 1959 and 1960 despite a deficit of 60 hp. Because the engine was installed behind and not in front of the driver.
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