What are some words related to neurosis

What is the difference between psychosis and neurosis and what is paranoia?

"Psychosis", neurosis and "paranoia" are three different mental disorders. But the neurotic never loses touch with reality.

“That's psycho!”, “You are acting totally neurotic! "You are paranoid!" Some people carelessly use these terms in an incorrect and discriminatory manner. Mostly they want to express that they find behavior illogical, contradictory or overly emotional. In medicine, the terms "psychosis", "neurosis" and "paranoia" are different mental disorders described.

What is a neurosis?

"Neurosis" is a collective term that is no longer in use today for a multitude of different mental disorders without recognizable physical causes. This includes anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorders as well as moods. Post-traumatic stress disorders are also included. Many people are familiar with fear of illness or loss. Only in the case of a neurosis these are particularly intense and dominate the emotional world of the person concerned. But the neurotic never loses touch with reality. He is usually aware of his fears and compulsions.

What is a psychosis?

A "Psychosis" on the other hand is characterized by a disturbed perception of reality, the relation to reality is temporarily lost. The most common form of psychosis is schizophrenia. Psychotics hallucinate, hear voices, and develop delusional ideas. Unlike neurotics, psychotics, at least in the acute phase, have no insight into the disease and consider themselves healthy. Psychoses also influence all aspects of the personality, while neuroses only affect parts of the personality.

What is paranoia?

"Paranoia" refers to a rare form of psychosis, the focus of which is a delusion that lasts for a long time, sometimes for life. The content of the delusion or the delusional system is very different, for example love, jealousy, megalomania or paranoia. The delusional disorder is not a schizophrenic psychosis.

"Paranoid schizophrenia", the most common and best-known disease from the schizophrenia group, is another disease. In contrast to schizophrenia, the paranoid's delusion appears less bizarre and at least theoretically understandable and cannot be completely ruled out in real life. Even for experts, "paranoia" and "paranoid schizophrenia" are not easy to tell apart.