Which Marines are stationed at Camp Pendleton
The Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton (MCB Camp Pendleton) is a US Marine Corps base between Oceanside and San Clemente, north of San Diego in southern California on the Pacific coast of the United States.
The original purpose of building it in 1942 was to train Marines for use in World War II. The base is named in honor of Major General Joseph Henry Pendleton, who long worked to build military infrastructure along the west coast. She is inter alia the home location for the Fleet Marine Force in the Pacific and the I. Marine Expeditionary Force.
Camp Pendleton is owned by the US federal government, All other military facilities are owned by their respective states or nations and are leased by the US military.
Table of Contents
Stationed units and command facilities
- I. Marine Expeditionary Force
- 1st U.S. Marine Division
- 1st U.S. Marine Regiment
- 5th U.S. Marine Regiment
- 11th U.S. Marine Regiment
- 1st Reconnaissance Battalion
- 1st Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion
- 4th Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion
- 1st Combat Engineer Battalion
- 3rd Assault Amphibian Battalion
- Marine Aircraft Group 39
- Marine Air Support Squadron 3rd, 3rd Low Altitude Air Defense Battalion, MTACS-1
- US Marine Corps School of Infantry
Second World War
In the early 1940s, the US Army and Marine Corps were looking for a large piece of land to set up a training camp. While the US Army lost interest in the project over time, it was announced in February 1942 that an area of approximately 496 km² of the Rancho Santa Margarita y Los Flores to build the largest base of the US Marine Corps. Construction began in April 1942 with the erection of wooden houses, as the base was designed as a temporary location at that time. After five months of construction, the 9th Marine Regiment under Colonel Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr. marched from Camp Elliot in San Diego to Camp Pendleton and moved into the new base first. On September 25, 1942, Camp Pendleton was officially opened by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Camp Pendleton now covers an area of approximately 505 km². The approximately 28 km long beach line of the base offers an ideal training location for exercises in amphibious warfare. Around 100,000 soldiers work on the base during the day. Recruits of the nearby Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego will be infantry on the for a month Edson Range trained at Camp Pendleton and after completing basic training attend the US Marine Corps School of Infantry on the site.
- ↑ http: //documents.coastal.ca.gov/reports/2006/10/W4a-10-2006.pdf
Categories:Military Establishment (United States Marine Corps) | Structure in San Diego County | California military facility
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