What is Nigerian Education Policy


The children in Nigeria start school at the age of six. Schooling is compulsory up to the age of 15. Yet only 66 out of 100 children actually go to school. In rural areas in particular, there are often none at all to visit. You don't have to pay school fees, so the school is free like ours.

But if you go to school, you have to wear a school uniform and you have to bring exercise books with you to school. Maybe you have to take the bus to school and lunch at school isn't free either. So all of this costs money that not all families have.

If you are lucky, you can attend a school like that of the Rochas Foundation. This organization runs five schools for poor children. Those who are accepted here receive school books, school uniform and lunch free of charge.

The school system in Nigeria

Primary school lasts six years. Then follows the secondary school for three years. If you have good grades and want to do the Abitur, you have to go to school for three more years. A major problem, especially in the north, is that girls' education is underestimated. A particularly large number of women cannot read there. You are illiterate.


Sometimes there is a school in the country, but no building for the school. Then the lessons take place in the open air. Or there is a roof, but no school desks. Most of the time there are no toilets and no running water.

In northern Nigeria, where Islamic law applies and the Boko Haram terrorists rebel against Western education, many schools have been closed or burned down. If there are any schools here, they are Koran schools. Only boys are allowed to visit them and here they learn to interpret the Koran. By the way, it even happens that Boko Haram kidnaps students, as in December 2020. Several hundred students disappeared at that time. Boko Haram then demands ransom for the children.