Why are there different versions of feminism

(Anti) feminism

In the English-speaking world, the term "post-feminism" gained importance in the 1990s - as a way of making contradictions and inconsistencies in the representation of women understandable. In the media culture of this time, "female power" and female success were celebrated, at the same time women who were in public were examined intensively and negatively. Demands for gender equality contrasted with growing misogyny from the ranks of the so-called Lad Culture, as the British youth culture that emerged in the 1990s with Britpop is called. Statements that feminism had become superfluous went hand in hand with an increased interest in gender differences, with any remaining inequality being portrayed as the result of natural differences and / or a free choice of women. The supposed certainty of earlier times was in ruins; In this phase there was no single specification of normative femininity, and a pronounced sense of female autonomy, agency and options permeated the media discourse. [1] Everywhere, feminism - to use the famous phrase of the sociologist Angela McRobbie - seemed to be considered but rejected. [2] How are feminists supposed to figure out this complicated time, when every sign of progress was preceded by something troubling?

As a means of intervention in this ambiguous context, "post-feminism" has become a key concept in feminist parlance. In this article, I formulate a critical introduction to the term and examine the long-term usefulness of the term "post-feminist sensitivity" at a time when we are experiencing both an increase in feminist activity and feminist visibility and a sobering rise in anti-feminism and misogyny. My question is: To what extent does the term "post-feminism" help today's social and cultural analysts to understand these opposing tendencies?