What is the toughest job market
Forecasts for the Berlin labor market : It gets tougher for the weak
While the job market in Berlin is developing well, it will be even tougher in the future for those who have a hard time. "The competition is growing and the work is becoming more demanding," said Bernd Becking, head of the regional employment agency, on Thursday.
By the competition he meant the 161,000 in-commuters and the well-educated newcomers from other German cities and EU countries. In addition, in the course of digitization, helper jobs in particular are being eliminated and the job market is becoming “more and more academic”. For the majority of the jobs created last year, applicants needed a university degree.
That is why it is all the more important that more girls and boys graduate from school and either undergo training or study. "The risk of being left behind and staying is increasing," warned Becking. It is currently the case that 11.7 percent of the under-20s are unemployed. Even if this rate falls slightly, it is much higher than the national average (3.6 percent). Berlin is also the only federal state in which the U20 unemployment rate is higher than the rate across all age groups.
City of truants and school dropouts
Reports about the previous years shock again and again - in schools: In no other federal state do young people get as few lessons as in Berlin. In the last six months of the school year, more than 2000 students were absent without excuse for four or even eight weeks. Another 2,300 skipped classes for two to four weeks. In comparative tests, students in Berlin always do worse than in other federal states - which is why young people from Brandenburg are extremely popular with Berlin companies. Around 3000 drop out of school every year. "Changing all of that has to be a focus," said Becking.
He criticized the inadequate career and study orientation in schools, but at the same time defended the teachers. “The challenges are much, much more difficult here than anywhere else,” he said. The majority of the young people come from Hartz IV families, most of which are in Berlin. Studies have shown that children who grow up in households with the unemployed lack career role models and are therefore at high risk that they will later become dependent on government support themselves. Even in an international comparison, the family background in this country has a strong influence on the chances of young people.
The connection is later shown in the fact that the majority of Hartz IV recipients have not completed any training. Therefore, the companies would have to employ and support more secondary school students.
More help for functionally illiterate people
Because some of the long-term unemployed are functionally illiterate, all Berlin job centers are to be better trained for this group in the future. The Spandau job center is a pioneer with its alpha seal of the basic education center. The offer ranges from simple information on the website and on site to a color guidance system in the building. A number of employees have been trained as so-called alpha pilots. Even with clients who have become unemployed after completing an apprenticeship and working for a long time, it suddenly turns out that they can hardly read and write. For them, filling out the forms and writing applications are insurmountable obstacles. A dilemma, because "we Germans are formal fetishists," said Becking.
For this year he forecast an unemployment rate with “stable eight before the decimal point”.
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