How can you pass the NEET exam

NEET and socially disadvantaged young people in transition to working life: concepts, findings, discussions

Handbook Childhood and Youth Sociology pp 1-12 | Cite as

  • Brigitte Schels
Living reference work entry
First Online:
Part of the Springer NachschlageWissen book series (SRS)

Summary

The acronym NEET (“not in employment, education, or training”) stands in European social reporting and labor market policy discussions for a group of socially disadvantaged young people with special needs. In the following, the genesis of the term is outlined and figures on NEETs in Europe are presented. The significance of the NEET category, which summarizes young people in heterogeneous life situations, is also examined. Finally, the state of research on the determining factors, consequences and perspectives of NEET young people is examined and critically discussed.

keywords

NEET Youth unemployment Social disadvantage Normal transition
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

literature

  1. Aassve, A., Iacovou, M., & Mencarini, L. (2006). Youth poverty and transition to adulthood in Europe. Demographic Research, 15, 21–50. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bacher, J., Tamesberger, D., Leitgöb, H., & Lankmayer, T. (2013). NEET young people: A new target group in terms of labor market policy in Austria. Economic and Social Policy Journal (WISO), 36, 103-132. Google Scholar
  3. Blossfeld, H. P., Klijzing, E., Mills, M., & Kurz, K., (Eds.). (2006). Globalization, uncertainty and youth in society: The losers in a globalizing world. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  4. Brückner, H., & Mayer, K. U. (2005). De-standardization of the life course: What it might mean? And if it means anything, whether it actually took place? Advances in Life Course Research, 9, 27–53. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brzinsky-Fay, C. (2007). Lost in transition? Labor market entry sequences of school leavers in Europe. European Sociological Review, 23, 409-422. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brzinsky-Fay, C., & Solga, H. (2016). Compressed, postponed, or disadvantaged? School-to-work transition patterns and early occupational attainment in West Germany. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. Online first. Thu: 10.1016 / j.rssm.2016.01.004.Google Scholar
  7. Bynner, J., & Parsons, S. (2002). Social Exclusion and the Transition from School to Work: The case of young people Not in Education, Employment, or Training (NEET). Journal of Vocational Beahviour, 60, 289-309. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dietrich, H. (2012). Youth unemployment in Europe. Theoretical considerations and empirical findings. Bonn: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.Google Scholar
  9. Dietrich, H. (2013). Youth unemployment in the period 2001-2010 and the European crisis - looking at the empirical evidence. Transfer: European Review of Labor and Research, 19, 305-324. Google Scholar
  10. Dommermuth, L. (2008). Paths to adulthood in Europe. Italy, West Germany and Sweden in comparison. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.Google Scholar
  11. Escott, K. (2012). Young women on the margins of the labor market. Work, employment and Society, 26, 412-428. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Eurofound (2012). NEETs Young people not in employment, education or training: Characteristics, costs and policy responses in Europe. Dublin.Google Scholar
  13. Furlong, A. (2006). Not a very NEET solution: representing problematic labor market transitions among early school leavers. Work, employment and society, 20, 553-569. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Heinz, W. R. (2002). Transition discontinuities and the biographical shaping of early work careers. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 60, 1–21. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. MacDonald, R., & Marsh, J. (2001). Disconnected Youth? Journal of Youth Studies, 4, 373-391. Google Scholar
  16. Pfeiffer, F., & Seiberlich, R. R. (2010). A socio-economic analysis of youth disconnectedness. Soep Papers 291. Berlin: DIW.Google Scholar
  17. Pfeiffer, F., & Seiberlich, R. R. (2011). Disconnected young adults in Germany: initial evidence. Schmoller's yearbook, 131, 253-262. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Reiter, H., & Schlimbach, T. (2015). NEET in disguise? Rival narratives in troubled youth transitions. Educational Research, 57, 133-150. Google Scholar
  19. Roberts, S. (2011). Beyond 'NEET' and 'tidy' pathways: considering the 'missing middle' of youth transtion studies. Journal of Youth Studies, 14, 21–39. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Schreyer, F., Zahradnik, F., & Götz, S. (2012). Living conditions and participation of young, sanctioned unemployed in SGB II. Social Progress, 61, 213–220. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Walther, A. (2006). Regimes of youth transitions Choice, flexibility and security in young people’s experiences across different European contexts. Young, Jan., 119-139. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Yates, S., & Payne, M. (2006). Not so NEET? A Critique of the Use of 'NEET' in Setting Targets for Interventions with Young People. Journal of Youth Studies, 9, 329–344. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1st junior professorship for labor market sociologyFriedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-NürnbergNurembergGermany