Can I give juice to my plants
- from 40.00cm to 60.00cm
- Growth width
- from 40.00cm to 60.00cm
- Growth characteristics
- Thorns or thorns
- Soil moisture
- dry to moderately dry
- Ornamental or utility value
- Floral decoration
- Leaf jewelry
- Medicinal plant
- Interior greening
- Winter garden
- Garden style
- Apothecary garden
- Pot garden
Origin and appearance
Aloe vera is also known in German as Echte Aloe or Bitterschopf. The botanical genus name Aloe comes from the Arabic language and means "bitter", which is due to the taste of the leaves. Vera is Latin and means "true" or "real". The plant is not a bitter truth, however, because the around 250 species of the genus aloe are said to have healing powers. The juice from its leaves has been used for skin care and as an effective remedy for skin diseases since ancient times. The plant originates from the area of the Arabian Peninsula, but has been exported to almost all countries over the centuries. Wherever it cannot thrive outdoors because of the winter frosts, it is a welcome house or container plant.
Aloe vera is a so-called grass tree plant, even if its external appearance with the fleshy, prickly leaves is more reminiscent of cacti or agaves. It grows without a trunk in heavy, nutrient-rich soil and forms leaves that are arranged like a rosette. As with all succulent plants, they are thick and fleshy. They taper to a point and have thorny leaf margins. The plants reach up to 60 centimeters in height and diameter, depending on the location. In January, the aloe vera forms a long-stalked inflorescence between the leaves. It grows vertically upwards and sometimes forms one or two side branches. Depending on the variety, there are yellow, red or orange tubular flowers at the ends, which are arranged in clusters around the stem.
In German-speaking countries, Aloe vera has been mentioned as a medicinal plant for the first time in written sources since the 12th century. As such, like the tree aloe (Aloe arborescens), it is still of great importance today: The juice of the leaves is mainly used for healing purposes, in particular to alleviate and heal diseases and injuries to the skin:
- Its cleansing effect helps against acne and its calming effect against neurodermatitis
- The juice of a freshly cut leaf cools down minor burns and promotes the healing process
- In addition, the juice supports the healing of cuts, wounds that heal poorly and abscesses
- In care products, aloe vera reduces dandruff, strengthens the hair roots and thus works against hair loss
- Taken orally in the correct dosage, the sap can also be used as a laxative
Note: While aloe vera is valued as a medicinal plant, the aloe aloe (Aloe aristata), the spiral aloe (Aloe polyphylla) and the tiger aloe (Aloe variegata) are poisonous representatives of the genus.
Location and soil
Since the aloe vera comes from the tropics or subtropics, it loves a warm, full sun location. As a houseplant for direct sunlight, it needs a place in a bright and sunny south-facing window or, better still, in the winter garden. The soil should be mineral, rather poor in humus and rich in nutrients, but not too moist. Soils containing sand and well drained of water are ideal, as waterlogging often leads to rot damage. Ready-made cactus or succulent soil are well suited for the plant.
The real aloe is usually cultivated as a container plant or houseplant. It can also be used together with various types of cactus and other tropical succulents to plant troughs, which then have to be overwintered frost-free. In any case, give it the sunniest and warmest place your apartment or terrace has to offer in summer.
Planting and care
Even if you cultivate the aloe vera as a houseplant, you should put it on the balcony or terrace in summer, as the lighting conditions are much better here. Water the plant sparingly, being careful not to get the inside of the rosette damp. In their hot home, the water supply in the rosette is often essential for survival, but in our regions it can lead to rot damage. It is best to water the aloe vera over a saucer and add some liquid cactus fertilizer to the watering water every two weeks. After the inflorescence has wilted, cut it off to encourage new flowers to grow.
As a typical pot and container plant, aloe vera has to be repotted about every two to four years, depending on its age. For planting you should use a sandy cactus or succulent soil, alternatively a potted plant soil, which is enriched with sand or clay granules in a ratio of 2: 1. You can also mix in a tablespoon of carbonate of lime, as aloe vera loves lime. After repotting, the plant usually has to be supported with two wooden sticks until it has formed new roots. Since it is quite heavy, it can otherwise happen that it simply tips over in the new earth.
Clear the real aloe into winter quarters in good time, because temperatures of four degrees or more can damage the plant. Aloe vera spends the cold season best in a light, not too heated winter garden at around 15 degrees. Alternatively, a bright south-facing window in a cool room is also suitable. Water the plant very sparingly during the winter months - watering every four to six weeks is sufficient. There is also no fertilization in winter. This rest period is important so that the plant can flower. As soon as the flowering shoots appear, it can be warmer again.
If you want to propagate an aloe vera, it is best to use the offshoots. More precisely, the aloe vera forms children and roots. These small, already finished plants can simply be separated from the mother plant for propagation in spring and planted individually when they are at least five centimeters tall.
Diseases and pests
If no major care mistakes are made, the aloe vera is a very robust plant that is hardly attacked by pests or plant diseases. Failures are almost always due to root rot due to the wrong substrate and excessive watering. Mealybugs and mealybugs sometimes appear in the winter months.
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