Where does the Indus flow through?

Two rivers - Indus and Ganges - the cradle of ancient cultures

Two main streams form the lifelines of the Indian subcontinent. It is interesting that the two rivers actually arise at a distance of about 100 km from glacier regions of the same mountain range, the highest in the world, but then take a completely different direction. They flow majestically over thousands of kilometers through the subcontinent and several countries and flow into two different seas: the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. Each river was the cradle of an ancient culture and witness to the birth of a world religion. What is the name of these rivers? It is the Indus and the Ganges.


The Indus

The Indus is considered to be the cradle of civilization. The river is one of the seven sacred rivers of the Hindus. It was the birthplace of the early Indus Valley civilization. At 3,180 km, the Indus is the longest river on the Indian subcontinent and the most important river in Pakistan. The early Indus culture is one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Historically, the Indus marked the extreme eastern limit of the empire of Alexander the Great. With his army he went down the Indus.

The name "India" is derived from the name of this river. Peoples who immigrated from Old Persian, however, called the river "Hindus", hence the term "Hinduism", which originated in this area.

The Indus arises in Tibet from the confluence of many glacial streams. Then it flows in a north-westerly direction for around 300 kilometers through the highlands of Tibet, the "roof of the world", absorbing several watercourses in the process. At the Indian border between the mountain ranges of the Himalayas and the Karakoram, it digs its riverbed into the rock. In India itself, it falls 3700 meters over a distance of 560 kilometers, then flows northwards and then bends in a sharp bend around the western edge of the Himalayas, where the Gilgit flows into it. This is a large river that comes from the Hindu Kush. Then the Indus flows south through Pakistan. Here, too, it has to find its way through the mountains, turning and twisting with concentrated strength. Then it has overcome the greatest obstacles. Now it is entering the plains and flows through the Punjab. Punjab means "land of five rivers," for five great rivers (Beas, Sutlej, Ravi, Jhelum and Chenab) flow like the splayed fingers of a huge Ha nd to the Indus, which takes these enormous masses of water with it on its journey of almost 3,000 kilometers. At the end of its course, the Indus forms a delta of 7800 kmĀ² and then flows into the Arabian Sea.