What do neuroscientists think of evolutionary psychology

evolutionary psychology

evolutionary psychologyw, E.evolutionary psychology- Direction of psychology, which traces all human behavior back to an ancestral origin and emphasizes its influence on the survivability of the individual. Evolution.

The evolutionary psychology (Evolutionary psychology, Darwinian psychology) is a synthesis of psychology and evolutionary biology (evolution), which specifically examines the human mind and its brain from an evolutionary perspective (consciousness, thinking, mind and brain). Basic questions of evolutionary psychology are, based on K. Lorenz, N. Tinbergen, I. Eibl-Eibesfeldt, according to David M. Buss: 1) Why is the mind like this and not different, which causal processes have created and shaped it? 2) What is the human mind like, what are its mechanisms or components and how are they organized? 3) What are its functions? What was it made for? 4) How does the current, especially the social environment interact with the mind in order to lead to observable behavior? (Ethology). The fundamental difference to the Darwinian anthropology, a neighboring human sociobiological direction, is that evolutionary psychology places much greater emphasis on the difference between the "environment of evolutionary adaptation" (E. environment of evolutionary adaptedness) and today's human environment. Darwinian anthropologists argue that human societies and cultures are simply new, complex techniques and tricks of genegoistic mechanisms that still serve to maximize fitness. Genes (genes) and culture are held together by an elastic but unbreakable line. From the point of view of evolutionary psychologists, on the other hand, it makes no sense to try to measure relationships between behavior and reproductive success in recent cultures. Only the evolved mental mechanisms that underlie our behavior can be meaningfully examined. However, these reflected adjustments to earlier, not today's, conditions. Evolutionary psychology is emerging as a discipline. For example, there are different understandings of the delicacy with which psychological mechanisms are inherited for coping with the various everyday problems. MacDonald, for example, assumes a limited set of perceptual and behavioral tendencies that guide our perception and behavior in a more general way (E. evolved motive dispositions).