What is the type of marijuana
|Cannabis sativa ruderalis|
The Ruderal hemp or russian hemp is the subspecies (Cannabis sativa ruderalis) of hemp (Cannabis sativa), or, according to some doctrines, a species of its own (Cannabis ruderalis) in the genus cannabis. This article deals with ruderal hemp as a subspecies.
Ruderalis comes from Latin rudus, "Lumps, chunks", in the broader sense "gravel, gravel, rubble". In botany, plants that willingly settle on fallow land, especially man-made, are referred to as ruderal flora.
In the former USSR is ruderalis mainly a term for Cannabis sativathat grows wild or has broken out of culture.
The ruderal hemp differs from the other two subspecies, Cannabis sativa sativa (tropical regions, for example Thailand, Jamaica) and Cannabis sativa indica (more moderate latitudes such as Morocco or Afghanistan)
- another growth,
- a different flowering system, and
- Differences in habitat.
Pure ruderal hemp only grows to about 80 cm high and has fewer leaves than other species, only 3 to 5 fingers at most in the typical hemp leaf formation and forms less branch material. The plant is from the ground up more delicate and more arid. Ruderal hemp is robust against the cold, but has few inflorescences that are coveted for intoxicants.
There are differences to industrial hemp and Indian hemp in particular in the flowering behavior: they need at least 12 hours of night darkness for flowering, while ruderal hemp flowers after 8 weeks of growth or with a height of 80 cm. This is due to a special gene that is found in all hemp varieties, but is only activated in cannabis ruderalis.
The main distribution is in the former USSR as well as the former Eastern Bloc countries. The hemp that grows wild in Canada and the United States, known as ruderalis, is mostly feral indica and sativa. Ruderal hemp probably originally came from the Urals and southern Siberia. The designation “ruderal” for “wild” relates, as with the varieties sativa and indica on the location and species-specific spread or their preferred spread due to appropriately adapted growth factors such as light intensity and duration (day-night ratio), the nutrient content of the soil and the EC value of the water. There this species grows on ruderal sites (debris deposits). The plant has adapted to the local climate and light conditions, so the property of this subspecies to flower by age and not by the length of the day is a reaction to the environmental conditions - if the days are for indica or sativa become short enough, i.e. in September, it is already too cold there to develop good flowers.
The ruderal hemp was probably spread by the Scythians and other nomads, who recognized the psychoactive effects of plants early on.
Ruderalis also occur sporadically in Austria and eastern and southern Germany. Ruderalis was spotted on former gravel heaps in Bavaria near Munich. However, it cannot be determined whether it is a question of plantings or natural occurrences.
Hungary has its own special variety of ruderal hemp, which is slightly larger than the Russian ruderal hemp. There, the wild growing ruderal hemp is a big problem for many outdoor growers, because very early ruderalis pollen flies through the air for kilometers and unintentionally pollinates the (mostly indica varieties).
Ruderalis Today it hardly plays a role in drug production because the yields are low and when smoking ruderal hemp often causes unpleasant headaches as a side effect. But it is occasionally crossed in order to show the age-related flower formation indica- or sativa- to transfer varieties and thereby make them more suitable for outdoor use in northern latitudes. The low growth also helps to better camouflage illegal cultivation. Best known here is the Lowryder variety, which is the first commercial cultivar to combine all the advantages of sativa and ruderali hemp.
The Scythians used to use ruderalis ritual and to get intoxicated. Ruderalis was used by placing the herb and the flowers on the hot stones of a Sweat tent "Fry" and thus the active ingredients evaporated, threw the flowers into the fire or ate them in warm dishes. Ruderal hemp was probably also smoked.
The plant was also used for medicinal purposes, it is known to have an analgesic effect. Ruderalis was used for abdominal pain, nausea, menstrual cramps and loss of appetite.
In addition, food was made from ruderal hemp: hemp milk (comparable to soy milk), porridge and tea.
The fibers were processed into fabrics and ropes.
In Germany, the cultivation of ruderal hemp and its possession, import or trade is prohibited. The reason is the content of more than 0.03% THC (active ingredient of cannabis), which is a crime within the meaning of the BTMG. Penalties range from warnings and fines to imprisonment of several years.
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