How did Kurds become Muslims


Various religions and beliefs are represented in Kurdistan. Followers of the Sunni religion of Islam make up the majority of the population, but other interpretations of the Koran or Islam (such as the Bajwan which emerged from the Shia) are also represented. In addition, there are Yazidis, Yaseran, Christians, Jews, Kaka'i, Shabak, Sarli ... etc., followers of a variety of other religions.


About two-thirds to three-quarters of the Kurds, including almost all Kurmanci and Sorani-speaking Kurds, are Sunni Muslims. Their teaching is the Sunnah, which is based on the Koran, the teachings of Muhammad and six books of religious traditions. The teaching of the Sunnis follows four schools of law with equal rights. In contrast to their Turkish neighbors, the majority of the Kurds are followers of the Shafiite school of law. The Kurdish Sunnah has numerous mystical elements and is strongly associated with orders (tariquat, e.g. the Qadiri and Naqişbandi).


Shiite Kurds can be found in the west and south-east of the Kurdish settlement area. In religious doctrine, the Shiites follow the first family and kinship tradition after the death of the Prophet Mohammed, and are followers of Ali, the son-in-law of the Prophet Mohammed. In Shiite teaching, imams are mediators between God and man. The core of Shiite teaching is based - alongside the Koran and the teachings of Muhammad - on the traditions of the twelve historical imams. The twelfth Imam, Mohammed Al’Madi, disappeared in the year 878. According to tradition, he is only temporarily removed from the world and will return as a Mahdi a few days before Judgment Day.


"Alewiten" is a collective name for supporters of various, partly Shiite-influenced beliefs, which also include large Kurdish population groups in Turkey. The followers of the Bektasi order and the Nusairians, who are represented in Turkey among the Arab minority in the Hatay province and in the Adana region, are mostly counted among the Alevites. Among the Kurds in Turkey, the Alevites make up around 25%. Alewitic Kurds live mainly in the provinces of Maras, Malatya, Xarput and Dersim.


The Yazidis are an ancient Kurdish religious community, which among the Muslim majority has preserved and still maintains its beliefs, traditions and uses in history up to the present time. The origin of the name Yezidis is controversial: the majority of historians derive the name Yezidî from the old god Ezda and its Kurdish meaning “who created me”. The Yezidis themselves trace their religion back to the old Zoroastrian religion, according to which the two gods Ahoramezd and Ahriman - embodiment of evil - fight for supremacy.