Where are embryonic stem cells legal

International comparison

Research on hES cellsMaking new hES cellsNuclear transfer / production of embryos for researchLaws / regulationforbidden, unless:
hES cells were produced abroad before a deadlineforbiddenforbiddenEmbryo Protection Act, Stem Cell Act
Central ethics committee at the Robert Koch Instituteallowedallowed
Also ES cells from embryos discarded as part of pre-implantation diagnostics (PID)

allowed
Egg donation allowed without any (financial) consideration.
Manufacture of “Cybrids”: Nuclear transfer of human cells into ova from cows approved.

Ban of reproductive cloning

Fertilization and Embryology Act, 1990.
Regulatory authority: Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority (HFEA)allowed

allowed
Protection of the in vitro generated embryo only after 40 days
Also ES cells from embryos discarded as part of pre-implantation diagnostics (PID)

allowed.
no germline change
Ban of reproductive cloning

Supervisory authority:
Helsinki Committee for Geneticsnot explicitly forbidden, but no state fundingforbidden

forbidden

Italian law on assisted reproduction technology (Law 40/2004)conditionally allowedallowed.
Also ES cells from embryos discarded as part of pre-implantation diagnostics (PID)allowed.
Egg donation allowed without (financial) consideration No explicit laws at the federal level.
State funds may only be used for ES cells that were obtained before August 9, 2001.NIH registry