Why is Algeria important and famous




Algeria has a population of more than 40 million (2019) people. They inhabit an area of ​​around 2.38 square kilometers, which is roughly the area of ​​all of Western Europe. Only 15% of the area is used for agriculture, 85% is desert or full desert. Most of the residents live in the north in Algiers and the cities on the Mediterranean coast.

The largest river is the Oued Chelif (French) about 700 km, has its source in the Sahara Atlas and flows into the Mediterranean at Mostaganem.

The highest mountain is the Tahat at 2918 meters in the Ahaggar.


Algeria is still mainly an agricultural country. But only about a fifth of the land area can be used for agriculture, mostly as pastureland, only three percent are used as arable land, and two percent are forest, some of which consists of scanty bushes.





The original inhabitants of Algeria, as are the whole Maghreb Berber. You call yourself Imazighenwhich means something like free people.

Numerous tribes settled on the Mediterranean coast: Phoenicians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines. It was only with the spread of Islam in the 7th century that the Arab conquerors came to the countries of the Maghreb. Then the Ottomans and the French came to Algeria as foreign conquerors. They all left their cultural mark.


The population of Algeria has mixed strongly in the course of many years of coexistence on North African soil, but a number of Berber groups, such as the Kabyle preserved pure-blood in the northeast of the country. Part of the Berber population withdrew to the mountains and kept their own Berber dialects and the old traditions, especially the Kabyle and the Chaouia des Aurès mountains. Other larger Berber groups settle on the "turquoise coast" between Cherchell and Ténès, some scattered on the Moroccan border, then around Blida (southwest of Algiers) and in the Ouarsenis (north of Tiaret).

Berbers pushed back into the desert are those too Mozabites and

the Tuareg, who live in the Sahara of Algeria, as well as in Niger, Mali, southern Libya and northern Burkina Faso.

To the Kabyle around a million people are expected. Traditionally, they live from agriculture in the mountains of eastern Algeria, especially from farming as well as fruit and olive cultivation.


Cha’amba live mainly in the oases of the northern Sahara and are Arab nomads. The Cha’amba probably did not immigrate to North Africa until the 11th century, together with the second wave of Arab conquests. The economic basis was mainly camel breeding, caravan trade and date cultivation in the oases also played an important role.


In the impassable valley of the M'Zab, around 600 kilometers south of Algiers, the Ibadites established that over time the name Mozabites assumed after the course of the river. Here they dug deep wells to create their oases. They built five cities known as the Pentapolis of Ghardaia, which have their own architecture. In this lonely region they were able to preserve their traditions and customs for a long time. Even today, the Pentapolis is an attractive travel destination.


The Sahara is home to the Tuareg. They were able to maintain their independence until the French invasion and were the masters of the Sahara. They maintain their traditions and customs to this day, as visitors can get to know on expeditions and camel trekking. They are camel breeders and caravan traders, some also oasis farmers. The Tuareg are Berbers, they speak their own language, the Tamahaq, and write in Tifinagh. Today Tamanrasset and Djanet are the centers of the Tuareg in Algeria. In earlier times their settlement and pasture areas, as well as the trade caravan routes from Ghadames in today's Libya, to Timbuktu in Mali to Kano in northern Nigeria and Zinder and Agadez in Niger.




The state religion is Islam. The majority of the population lives according to the Sunna, the Sunni moderate faith.


There are also around 100,000 Mozabites (or Ibadites) in the Pentapolis of Ghardaia who belong to an extremely strict Islamic class.


In North Africa and especially in Algeria, the Christian religions have grown with the influence of the Romans, later with St. Augustine (354-430), who influenced the whole Christian area, and the Eastern Romans / Byzantines strongly developed. Today small Christian groups live here, around 3 percent (2019). The French Father Charles du Foucauld founded the order of "Little Brothers and Sisters in the Faith of Jesus".





The traditional one Handicrafts shows the wealth of creativity. Traditional pottery in Kabylia, Brass and copper work, Carpet weaving in the Souf area and in the M'Zab, leatherprocessing, Silver jewelry the Berber in the north and in the Sahara, Glass art, embroidery with gold and silver threads on velvet, Woodsculptures, Braidwork, String instruments like the Imzad of the Tuareg women, the whole country is abundant in traditional and modern handicrafts.




The history of the country is also reflected in the traditional Algerian cuisine. All the peoples who made history in this country also left their culinary traces. The Algerian recipes are characterized by the variety of vegetables and fruits, as well as the Mediterranean light cuisine. Various types of meat such as lamb and poultry, fish and seafood are popular ingredients for couscous and tagine, as are the numerous spices with which the dishes are refined.

For dessert, fruit, baklaoua baked with love and honey and other almond and nut pastries are served.