Which African country is around 90 desert

Namibia Partner country with a historical relationship

It was not until 1990, and only after strong international pressure, that Namibia (formerly: South West Africa) gained its independence from South Africa. The country name is derived from the Namib desert. This covers the entire coastal strip of the extremely sparsely populated country. Namibia is almost two and a half times the size of Germany, but only has about 2.5 million inhabitants.

Namibia has a stable democratic system. The World Bank (see lexicon entry for the term) * places Namibia in the group of countries with a higher middle income. The country has made great strides in reducing poverty since independence: the proportion of the population living on less than 1.90 US dollars a day fell from 31 to 13 percent between 2003 and 2015. However, in hardly any other country in the world is wealth so unevenly distributed: A predominantly white elite and a new black middle class can maintain an almost European standard of living - whereas large parts of the predominantly black population live in much more modest circumstances. On the current index of human development (access the lexicon entry for the term) * (HDI), the country ranks 130th out of 189 states.

Common story

For historical reasons, Namibia and Germany have a particularly close partnership. Namibia was a German colony from 1884 to 1915.

During this time there was an uprising of the Herero, Nama and Damara against colonial rule. He was violently suppressed by German troops. How many deaths there were is historically controversial: Depending on the source, the information varies between 30 and 80 percent of the Herero people. Many of the survivors had to do forced labor or were interned in camps. Members of many other ethnic groups were also expelled or forced to work on German farms. In 2014, the German and Namibian governments agreed on a dialogue to come to terms with their shared past.

Development cooperation

The Federal Government acknowledges Germany's special historical and moral responsibility for Namibia and strives to further strengthen the partnership between the two countries. This is also reflected in the scope of German development work for Namibia: Germany is one of the country's largest donors.

The focus of German-Namibian development cooperation lies in the areas of sustainable economic development, management of natural resources and transport.