Creativity is useful in chess
Chess is one of the oldest board games in the world, and it is certainly not without reason that it has enjoyed unbroken popularity over so many centuries. The rules are actually easy to learn, but the game is difficult and the deeper you go, the more complex it gets.
Chess exercises the mind and helps develop cognitive skills. This has been recognized more and more in recent years. In some countries, chess is already a nationwide compulsory school subject, for example in Armenia.
The world chess federation FIDE also attaches great importance to its worldwide initiative "Chess in Schools".
Chess is not only an important tool in education. It helps with integration and inclusion, because everyone understands the language "chess". Chess is also useful as a preventive measure against dementia.
On almost 50 pages, FIDE presents the advantages of chess in a new brochure and provides information on further publications.
Extract from the brochure:
"The aim is to use chess in a way that people from childhood through old age can benefit from the skills they acquire in their education, social development and mental health.
Since the school chess association was founded in 1984, FIDE has been using chess more and more for educational purposes. Not to teach chess and make better chess players, but to improve children's education.
FIDE was founded in 1924 and is officially recognized by the IOC as the world association for chess. FIDE has always focused on competitive chess, organizing world championships and making a great contribution to the training of chess players, coaches and referees. This work was expanded in 2012 by the Social Action Commission (SAC) and the Social Projects Commission (SPC).
The value chess has as a tool for education and social skills was recognized by Benjamin Franklin as early as 1786. In his article "The Morals of Chess" he wrote that life is a kind of chess and that we can learn foresight, prudence and caution while playing chess and also that, as in chess, we do not allow ourselves to be discouraged by temporary bad conditions, but seek resources persistently. The educational benefits of the game of chess were widely recognized in the 20th century. The social and health benefits of the game of chess, on the other hand, only began to be really appreciated in this century.
In 1956 Benjamin Bloom developed a classification of intellectual learning behavior in stages. Its taxonomy distinguished three main areas: the cognitive, the psychomotor and the affective area.
In early childhood education (see Early Years Skills program), the focus is on the psychomotor and emotional areas. Traditionally, education has focused primarily on cognitive learning, which is often the basis for creating curricula, assessments, and activities. Within the cognitive area, Bloom distinguished six successive learning levels: knowledge, understanding, application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation.
Thinking skills are underdeveloped, especially among students from poorer social classes, due to an uneventful environment. This development gap is the result of the impoverished social environment. Chess offers the balance through playful learning: "Chess as a way of" learning through play "provides the social context in which to develop or remediate thinking skills ..." [Joseph Eberhard]
However, it is precisely these three skills that are required for every move in a game of chess! It's the perfect description of playing chess.
The situation is different with the three overarching thinking skills: analyzing, judging and creativity. School subjects offer few opportunities to develop them.
All school subjects, like chess, offer simple and direct opportunities to develop the three subordinate thinking skills: remembering, understanding and applying.
Dr. Alexey Root (Lecturer at the School of Interdisciplinary Studies, University of Texas, Dallas) has described in a number of books (see Bibliography) how chess can be used to link and support all core subjects of the curriculum. With the combination of critical and creative thinking required in the game of chess, it provides the perfect educational tool to teach the higher-level thinking skills. The biggest challenge children face should be exploring and developing the way we think. If that's also fun, that would be ideal. It is important that the content is not expanded every day.
"Schools and educators need a simple and direct way to teach process standards ('thinking skills')." [Nash 2011]
Critical thinking includes reasoning and reasoning, including skills such as comparing, classifying, inferring, recognizing similarities and patterns, inductive and deductive thinking, predicting, planning, hypothesizing and judging. Creative thinking means watching something new or original. This includes flexibility, originality, fluency, elaboration, inventiveness, modification, imagination, associative thinking, enumerating properties, metaphorical thinking and recognizing dependent relationships. Creative thinking aims to arouse curiosity and promote diversity. Chess contributes to development - affectively, cognitively and with the help of the early childhood education program too
Concentration, attention, spatial thinking, logical thinking, imagination and creativity. Chess encourages the acceptance of opposing ideas. Chess helps to keep control (to control reflexes).
Chess encourages reflection (think first, then act).
Chess can solve many educational problems, especially those related to improving thinking skills. Chess has all the characteristics of an excellent teaching aid.
Schools need: A simple and direct method of teaching thinking skills (playful and motivating is beneficial) where the content does not expand every day, where the rules are simple, where the main challenge for children is to explore and develop , how
Chess teaches children to think analytically, logically and on more than one level. The educational benefits of chess are high and varied. This is well documented in a large number of research papers around the world. There is so much evidence that you run the risk of not seeing the forest for the trees, which is why we have intentionally kept this section short.
Fritz & Ready chess workbook for teachers
How do you teach chess at school? The Fritz & Ready authors have created a magnificently illustrated workbook for teachers, which offers a comprehensive collection of materials, methods and ideas for teaching in elementary school.
Brochure (German), pdf ...
FIDE: Chess in Schools ...
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