What drives the internet

What is the Internet doing - and where is it headed?

The cloud provider Akamai Technologies reports regularly on the state of the Internet, technical trends and current threats. “The State of the Internet” is an exciting source of information for everyone who is more intensively involved with the development of the World Wide Web.

The current report (published in mid-2014) contains some interesting figures that we don't want to withhold from you. Among other things, they show that Switzerland is a world leader when it comes to the Internet. Especially when it comes to “the good”. With “the bad guys” she is nowhere in the forefront ...

Need for speed
The “broadband limit” of 4 Mbit / s has been cracked: Thanks to the constant expansion of the networks, the average connection speed has risen to 4.6 Mbit / s worldwide. With an average of 24.6 Mbit / s, South Korea leads ahead of Hong Kong (15.7) and Switzerland (14.9). In the following places: Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, Latvia, Ireland, the Czech Republic and Romania. The same can be seen in the percentage of “high broadband connectivity” (over 10 Mbit / s): In South Korea 78% of users have access to fast connections, in Switzerland 56%, in Japan 54%. The future demands even higher connection speeds, especially for streaming Ultra HD videos. The «4K Readyness» (over 15 Mbit / s) has practically doubled worldwide in the last year; At the front-runner South Korea, 62% of the connections are now 4K-ready. Places 2 to 5 go to Hong Kong (34%), Japan and Switzerland (33%) and the Netherlands (30%).

IPv6 on the rise
The Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) seems to be slowly but surely gaining acceptance. But it was high time - because in Asia, Oceania and Europe the allocation of IP addresses has become quite tight; availability tends towards zero in many places. This trend will be stopped with the additional possibilities of IPv6. The number of requests in IPv6 is growing accordingly - especially in European countries. The front runner is Belgium (19% of data traffic), followed by Switzerland (10%), Luxembourg and the USA. Germany (5.8%) and France (4.8%) take 7th and 8th place.

Unbroken aggressiveness ...
Defense against attacks on computers and systems is part of the daily business of those responsible. Akamai researched the countries from which the most attacks were launched. It leads (unsurprisingly) China with 43%, followed by «climber» Indonesia (15%) and the USA as the first western country (13%). In the other places: Taiwan (3.7%), India (2.1%), Russia (2%), Brazil (1.7%), South Korea (1.4%), Turkey and Romania (1 each, 2%).
And which (open) back doors are used for the attacks? Port 80 (www / http, 15%) has replaced Microsoft-DS (port 445, 14%) at the top; Telnet (port 23, 10%) is in third place, followed by SSL (port 443, https), Microsoft SQL Server (port 1433, 6.7%), http Alternate, Microsoft Terminal Services, SSH, MySQL and Microsoft RPC. Interestingly, DDoS attacks have decreased overall compared to 2013. The focus was more on topics such as Heartbleed (the program bug in OpenSSL, which, of all things, enabled penetration via a secure connection). But DDoS attacks via the traditionally somewhat insecure network management protocol SNMP also remain up-to-date. Then there is the insidious Zeus malware, which is used to steal data (critical company data or access data for bank accounts). The still active Storm trojan. And new, with an increasing tendency, also the DNS hijacking and poisoning, in which the attacker brings DNS entries under his control and uses the site to conduct his criminal activities.

And what about the cell phones?
Mobile data traffic is developing rapidly. In 2007, data connections made up only a fraction of the use of mobile networks - and today 10 times as much data is transmitted as calls. However, we still have some catching up to do in Switzerland when it comes to the performance of the networks. The 4G / LTE standard is far from being usable everywhere; the new 4G +, which is being offered in some cities, only reaches a small proportion of users. We are accordingly far behind in the global speed ranking: New Zealand is at the top with 26 Mbit / s, followed by the UAE, China, Singapore, Denmark and Luxembourg. Switzerland is in 14th place (18 Mbit / s). Our neighbors are even further back: In Germany (23rd place) and Austria the average is even below 16 Mbit / s. The USA ranks 32nd with less than 14 Mbit / s ...

The end of the flagpole?
The connection speed and the data throughput will also increase rapidly in the next few years. Fiber optic networks (there are already providers with 940 Mbit / s in upload and download in Switzerland) and faster mobile connections (more or less extensive 4G or twice as fast 4G + / LTE Advanced) will open up many new possibilities. Especially in the field of mobile devices: film downloading, TV streaming, uploading your own films and downloading apps and music while on the go should become the standard. Provided that the unlimited flat rates are firstly affordable and secondly they are not slowed down to a snail's pace after a few gigabytes of downloaded ...

What is the Internet doing - and where is it headed?

Sandro Bertschinger

He didn't find computers so exciting for a relatively long time. An Amiga 500 as a "game machine" was the highlight. When the Internet came up and you could make "cool" websites accordingly, the topic of computers came more into the spotlight. Then in 2001 an internet company crossed his path by chance.