Do the US really want to defeat Isis?

Not ISIS, but the Islamic State was overthrown!

When the US invaded Iraq, Saddam Hussein, the greatest dictator in the Middle East of his time, and the Ba'ath regime were overthrown. Saddam Hussein was eventually executed. As a result, a new Shiite-dominated state quickly established itself.

Ultimately, there were bombings and deaths in the region that never stopped. While people in the region dreamed of peace, no one suspected that an organization founded at the time would later turn the region into a bloodbath.

On June 10, 2014, all the world's attention was focused on this organization. Within one day around 1,500 armed militants suddenly took control of the oil-rich and second largest city in Iraq, Mosul, which was guarded by around 50,000 security forces. This organization was called the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS). Very soon the organization declared the Caliphate and changed its name to Islamic State (IS).

The IS spread like a computer game in Iraq and Syria within a short period of time. Within a few hours he was in control of the cities. Terrible pictures came from the region. IS beheaded people and threw them over cliffs or displayed them on stakes, kidnapped thousands of women, enslaved them and sold them in markets. It spread death and fear and turned the region into a bloodbath.

The spread of the organization was prevented by the Peshmerga in the Iraqi city of Machmur and in the Syrian city of Kobani by the YPG. Thus, she could not conquer and control these two cities and gradually began to lose power.

In Iraq, on the one hand, the Iraqi central government and, on the other hand, the Peshmerga and in Syria the Syrian Army, the YPG and later the Syrian Democratic Forces have taken up an active struggle against the organization. Iran supported Baghdad and Damascus and the US-led military coalition supported the Kurds.

Iraqi troops captured Mosul in July 2017 and in November of the same year the YPG retook Raqqa, the IS stronghold in Syria. With the fall of Mosul and Raqqa, the collapse of the Islamic State began. IS was defeated in Iraq in December 2017 and, after the last DCS operation, in Deirez-Zor in February 2018.

ISIS has now lost its military control over the area. This “loss of control of the area” is highlighted in all recent comments.

Reference is rightly made to the organisation's capacities for reorganization, the ability to mobilize its base and its ideological structure, which has expanded in recent years ...

When I approached Middle East expert Fehim Tastekin about this, he pointed out that the potential of ISIS has not been completely eradicated.

Could the IS now become stronger again? Or reorganize under a different name?

According to the experienced journalist, reorganization under a different name is entirely possible. Because the circumstances that led to the establishment of IS are still present in the region. “If this region is not fully stabilized, ISIS will use the existing contradictions in its favor. The experience of the organization and its international network should not be underestimated. The ideological character, the ability to win over people and find resources should not be neglected ”, says Tastekin.

The relationship between Turkey and IS has been under discussion for years. Former Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu once described ISIS as “angry youngsters” and when the Kurdish troops in Kobani resisted ISIS, President Erdogan said “Kobani will fall - it's just a matter of time”. These statements are not easily forgotten.

Kobani did not fall, the young people who opposed ISIS also took Raqqa and in the past few days they have finally given IS one last blow. But the relationship between the AKP / Erdogan government and ISIS and their views on this organization remain a topic of discussion.

Will this organization one day also pose a threat to Turkey? Fehim Tastekin replied: “It already poses a great threat to Turkey. But the government does not want to see this danger. "

Some operations against ISIS are being carried out in Turkey and proceedings are being initiated. But on the other hand you can see how the members of the organization can move around freely in Turkey. Tastekin believes that this is precisely why ISIS has not threatened Turkey so far. “This is only temporary. There is no guarantee that the organization will not target Turkey. Nobody speaks of the men that IS has recruited from Turkey. After a certain point, they will target Turkey. "

"ISIS has been defeated". Such a claim is nothing more than fooling yourself. Because the greatest danger is not knowing where and when the danger is coming. This is the Middle East, where the most haunted areas in history are. Anything can happen at any time.

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Translated into German by Neslihan Ketboğa