Should I read more or think more
Learning to read: 10 tips for reading more effectively
Are you a bookworm? Reading is a popular hobby and the choice of authors, topics and genres is almost unlimited. But even if you read a lot, the question remains: Are you reading effectively? Understanding what has been read correctly and - just as importantly - saving it for a long time usually requires practice. These ten tips can help you read more effectively ...
Learning to Read: Why Read Effectively?
When it comes to reading, everyone has their own rhythm. One of them devours a book in a few hours, the other takes a week. But effective reading isn't about being as fast as possible, it's about being Understanding the content and keeping it in mind.
In order to understand when effective reading is particularly helpful, two different types of reading have to be distinguished:
- Pleasure. Of course, when you read to yourself in private, effectiveness isn't the first thing you think about. Nevertheless, it can increase your reading pleasure. Effective reading can help you appreciate your book even more through better understanding.
- Learn. Anyone who has ever had to read several books for an exam knows how valuable and helpful effective reading can be. It saves time, energy and, in the case of exam preparation, a lot of nerves.
Non-readers? Learn to Read
To describe illiteracy as a career obstacle would be a gross understatement. However, it does not have to be permanent. Adults can learn to read and write too. But where? Here are some places to go:
The long-time elementary school teacher Wolfgang Heller from Weilmünster in Hesse starts earlier. Children who do not learn to read properly - in his opinion, it does not have to be. He's got one for that Crash course with which supposedly every child can learn to read - in only five days! His resource is the animal alphabet.
What can you do to read more effectively? Here are our ten suggestions:
10 tips for reading more effectively
If you are one of those readers who can read a book in a day and still manage to understand and memorize everything important, you are a real natural talent. But that's not everyone. But don't worry: You can learn to read effectively. These ten tips can help you to understand books and texts better and to save the content longer:
Find out about the author
For a deeper understanding of your reading, you should take a look at Information About the Author. That starts in The blurb of the book where you can often find a short biography. If you are more interested, you can continue to research. Which books has the author published so far? What topics did he deal with? The more you know about the author, the better you will understand and classify his work.
Question what you read
A good book invites you to immerse yourself in the author's point of view and let yourself be guided. Reading in this way can also be a nice experience, but if you want to read effectively, you need reflection. Question the opinions and views you read. Do you agree with the author? If not, why not? Through the Reflection on what has been read deepen the content and you will remember it better. You will also be able to formulate and justify your opinion better.
Discuss in the group
Many people are familiar with this phenomenon from their school or university days: those who learn together (often) learn better. The same applies to reading books. Now it's hard at the same time in the group read, but you can discuss books with like-minded people. For example, you can join a book club near you or search the Internet for a forum that suits you. The exchange of views will help you new perspectives and insights to win that would otherwise have remained hidden from you.
Write down what you think
If you do not have the time or inclination to share what you have read with others, you can also write down your thoughts for yourself personally. For example in the form of a small one Book review. What did you like, what bothered you? Where do you contradict the author? You can also put a brief summary of the entire book or key sections on paper. The main thing is that you formulate your thoughts and deal with the key messages of the text again after reading it.
Reviews, professional or not, can also give you one new perspective procure. For example, you can search online for professional reviews or the Comments from other readers to study. If you regularly read reviews of your reading, you will also develop more effective reading habits. You learn to filter out the most important statements and to question them.
Read faster: that's how it works!
If you not only want to read more effectively, but also want to increase your reading speed at the same time, we have it two more tips for her:
- Don't read word for word. Our brain is able to grasp and understand several words at once. Whoever reads a text word for word logically takes longer than someone who reads several words at the same time. This technique usually takes a little practice, but it can increase your reading speed significantly.
- Don't look back. If something strikes us as weird, or if we feel like we've read something wrong, our eyes jump back in the sentence to find the mistake. Make a conscious effort to prevent this from happening and read on. Trust that you have read and understood the text correctly the first time.
Read faster - here are some more tips:
If you read stressed or under pressure, you will not do much. You can't concentrate yours Thoughts wander and nothing sticks to what you read. So try to relax before reading. For example, close your eyes for a while, consciously breathe in and out or take in relaxing bath. Reading is easier with a clear head.
Take notes in the book
Of course, this requires that it be your book and that you can take wild notes without it Trouble with the library to get. The advantage of this: you pause briefly while reading, put important thoughts into words and write it down directly. This is how you internalize the point without allowing the chance to forget anything. Besides, you have the Text passageyou are referring to right at hand.
Use the swarm strategy
Media strategist and author Ryan Holiday popularized this type of reading. The key point of the swarm strategy is to not only look at a topic from a single perspective. To understand the subject, you have to from different angles inspect. Marketing, for example, cannot be dealt with in a single book. There are many, sometimes contradicting, views, all of which deserve consideration.
Look up important things
Anyone who reads a lot sooner or later comes to a point where they do not understand something. A Foreign word, a concept or a phrase - nobody can know everything. So take the time to do these things to look upto really understand you. The same applies if, for example, in a historical context People or places are mentioned that you cannot assign. The more accurate your information, the better you will understand the content.
Read every day
Perhaps the most obvious tip for more effective reading, but unfortunately also difficult to implement. We would all like to read more, but there is often not enough time in everyday life. In order to read every day, it has to become a solid habit. It's difficult, especially at the beginning. So always carry a book with you. Read in the break,on the train or while you wait for the bus. Regular times can also help. For example, you can every night before bed read for half an hour.
Learning to read: It even turns our brains inside out
If you follow the study by the University of Hamburg from 2011, then 14 percent of all employed people in Germany between 18 and 64 years of age functional illiterate people. That means they can only read and write single sentences. That would correspond to around 7.5 million people. For them, however, the following applies: It is never too late to learn to read!
As part of a study in India, an international team of researchers from the Max Planck Institutes examined women between the ages of 24 and 40, all of whom could not decipher a single word in their native language, Hindi, and should now learn to read and write. After only six months the participants had one Reading level achievedwhich is comparable to that of first graders. "This increase in knowledge is remarkable," says study director Falk Huettig from the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics. "Although it is very difficult for us as adults to learn a new language, seems to be different for reading. The adult brain impressively demonstrates its malleability here. "
The learning process would - unlike previously assumed - profound Restructuring in the brain set in motion that extend into the thalamus and the brain stem. The brain is being remodeled. You could also say: recycled. Areas of the brain that evolution had intended for the recognition of complex objects such as faces are now occupied by the ability to translate letters into speech. This will develop some regions of our visual system to interfaces between the visual and speech systems.
The researchers assume that the individual brain systems the better to work togetherthe better the written language skills are. “This is probably how experienced readers can navigate through texts more efficiently", Says neuropsychologist Michael Skeide, scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences (MPI CBS) in Leipzig.
The findings also shed new light on possible causes of reading and writing disorders (LRS). Malfunction of the thalamus was previously considered a possible congenital cause. “Since we now know that the thalamus can change so fundamentally after just a few months of reading training, this has to be done Re-questioning the hypothesis become ”, says Skeide.
It is conceivable that people with reading and writing disorders only show abnormalities in the thalamus because of their visual system less trained is. That in turn would mean that these abnormalities in the thalamus are only considered congenital cause Be eligible if you're already before starting school to make noticable.
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Nils Warkentin studied business administration at the Justus Liebig University in Giessen. On the career bible, he is devoted to topics related to studies, career entry and everyday office life.
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