What is gross rent

What does cold and warm rent actually mean?

In this country, the terms cold and warm rent are not as common as in Germany. In Austria it is more common to speak of net and gross rent, and even more often of rent without operating costs or with operating costs.


  • Net rent = pure rent without operating costs
  • Gross cold rent = net rent + operating costs
  • Gross warm rent = net rent + operating costs + heating and hot water

What is the net rent?

As the name suggests, the cold or net rent means the rent of a house or apartment without ancillary costs. The amount of the basic rent can be determined more or less freely by the landlord, but depending on the region, location and condition of the property there is of course a framework that is not least determined by the local rent index. The net rent is the amount that the landlord still has in terms of income.

Gross can mean cold or warm

The gross rent can be divided into gross rent excluding heating and gross rent including heating, but basically means the net rent plus operating costs. These include, among other things, the costs for garbage disposal, sewerage, property management, chimney sweeps, possibly cable connection, community electricity and so on.

Electricity always exclusive!

The electricity costs are generally never added to the rent, but are paid monthly by the tenant directly to the provider.

These costs are billed annually. If heating and hot water are included in the ancillary costs, the gross rent for heating becomes the gross rent for heating. The costs for heating and hot water are either paid by the tenant to the provider once a year or the billing is done by the landlord. In practice, gross rents are almost never given.