Is the IIT BHU an autonomous institution

encyclopedia

Public technical facility in Kharagpur, West Bengal

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur ((IIT Kharagpur) is a public technical and research university founded by the Government of India in 1951. It is the first of the IITs to be established and recognized as an institute of national importance. In 2019 it was named the Institute of Eminence by the Government of India.[5]

The institute was originally founded to train scientists and engineers after India gained independence in 1947. However, over the years the institute's academic skills have been diversified through offerings in management, law, architecture, humanities, etc. The IIT Kharagpur covers an area of ​​8.7 square kilometers (2,100 hectares) of campus and has approximately 22,000 residents.

History

Foundation [edit]

In 1946 a committee of Sir Jogendra Singh, a member of the Executive Council of the Viceroy, dealt with the creation of higher technical institutions “for the industrial development of India after the Second World War”. This was followed by the creation of a 22-member committee headed by Nalini Ranjan Sarkar. In its interim report, the Sarkar Committee recommended the establishment of higher technical facilities in India along the lines of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the advice of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and associated secondary institutions. The report insisted that work should begin with the rapid establishment of key institutions in the four quarters of the country, with those in the east and west set up immediately.[6]

Bidhan Chandra Roy, the highest minister of West Bengal, convinced Jawaharlal Nehru (India's first Prime Minister) on the grounds that West Bengal had the highest concentration of industries at the time, to found the first institute in West Bengal. The first Indian technology institute was therefore founded in May 1950 as the Eastern Higher Technical Institute.[7] It was located in Esplanade East, Calcutta, and was relocated to its permanent campus in Hijli, Kharagpur, 120 kilometers southwest of Kolkata (formerly called Calcutta) in September 1950. Hijli was used as an internment camp during British colonial rule in India to hold Indian freedom fighters prisoner.[8]

The IIT Kharagpur is the fourth oldest technical institute in the state of West Bengal after the Indian Institute of Engineering and Technology Shibpur (founded as BE College in 1856), Jadavpur University (founded as a Bengali technical institute in 1906) and the Rajabazar Science College (founded as Calcutta) university campus for Science and Technology 1914). When the first session began in August 1951, there were 224 students and 42 teachers in the ten departments of the institute. The classrooms, laboratories, and administrative office were located in the historic building of the Hijli Detention Center (now known as Shaheed Bhawan), which was used by political revolutionaries during British rule.[9] The office building had served as the headquarters of the 20th Air Force bomber command during World War II.

IIT Kharagpur main building

Early developments

The name “Indian Institute of Technology” was adopted by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad prior to the institute's official inauguration on August 18, 1951.[10] A bill on May 18, 1956 (Bill No. 36 of 1956)[11] was established in Lok Sabha to promote the institution known as the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, to an institution of national importance and to take care of its incorporation and related affairs. The institute's motto, योगः कर्मसु कौशलम्, comes from the Bhagavad Gita, chapter 2, verse 50, and was translated by Sri Aurobindo as “Yoga is skill in works”. On September 15, 1956, the Indian Institute of Technology (Kharagpur) Law 195 of Parliament received the approval of the President.[12] Prime Minister Nehru said in the IIT Kharagpur's first convocation address:[13]

Here in the place of this Hijli internment camp stands the beautiful monument of India, which represents India's urge and India's future. This image seems to me symbolic of the changes that are coming to India.

The main building of the institute during construction (1955)

Shaheed Bhawan was converted into a museum in 1990.[14]

The Srinivasa Ramanujan Complex was incorporated as another academic complex of the institute. Takshashila was put into operation in 2002, Vikramshila in 2003 and Nalanda in 2012. Formerly the Hijli Internment Camp building, now called Hijli Saheed Bhavan, where the Nehru Science and Technology Museum is located. It is located in an imposing building that resembles the Byzantine architectural style.

The IIT Kharagpur is located 120 kilometers west of Calcutta. The campus is located five kilometers from Kharagpur Railway Station in the West Midnapore district. The design of today's campus and the design of the buildings were carried out by a group of engineers and architects under the direction of the Swiss architect Werner M. Moser.[15] The 8.5 square kilometers (2,100 acres)[16] Campus is home to around 22,000 residents.[17] In 2015, around 605 faculty members, 1,933 staff and around 10,010 students lived on campus at IIT Kharagpur.[18] The campus has a total of 55 kilometers of roads. The institute plans to go green by 2020.[19]

The 22 student residences are located on either side of Scholars Avenue, which extends from the institute gate to BC Roy Technology Hospital. The three earliest halls - Patel, Azad and Nehru - together form the PAN loop, or the old campus, which is right next to Scholar’s ​​Avenue. There are ten hostels for male students (MMM, LBS, RP, RK, MS, LLR, HJB, Patel, Azad and Nehru) and two for female students (SN / IG and MT). There are a few postgraduate student residences, including four for women (RLB, Gokhle, Nivedita, and SAM) and residences for research scientists (BCR, VS, BRH, and JCB), as well as a separate residence for armed forces scientists.[15] Major sports competitions are held at Jnan Ghosh Stadium and the Tata Sports Complex. The Tagore Open Air Theater has a capacity of 6,000 people and is used for hosting cultural programs.[15] The Science and Technology Entrepreneurs ‘Park (STEP) offers infrastructure facilities for alumni who want to become entrepreneurs but do not have the infrastructure to start their own business.[20]

In addition to the main campus in Kharagpur, the institute has an expansion center in Calcutta that offers training programs, distance learning courses and accommodation in guest houses. The institute plans to expand the Kolkata Expansion Center in Rajarhat and offer full-time courses for undergraduate and postgraduate students from the 2008 session.[21] The 4 acre Rajarhat campus will accommodate 2,500 students and will eventually expand to 1 square kilometer.[22] The Institute's plan for a similar 0.81 square kilometer branch campus in Bhubaneswar was rejected after being rejected by the Union's Ministry of Human Resources and Development.[23]

On September 5, 2019, the Ministry of Personnel Development awarded IIT Kharagpur together with four public institutions in India the status of an “Institute of Eminence (IoE)” in order to receive full autonomy and special incentives.[24][25]

Academic buildings [edit]

The IIT Kharagpur has 19 academic departments, eight multidisciplinary centers / schools and 13 schools of excellence, as well as more than 25 central research and development units. Next to the main building in the central academic complex is that Srinivasa Ramanujan Complex also has joint academic facilities. In the SR complex, the Takshashila building houses the GS Sanyal School of Telecommunication, the School of Information Technology and the Computer and Informatics Center. and has facilities for holding lectures. Vikramshila is another academic building in the SR complex with four lecture halls, several seminar rooms and the Kalidas Auditorium with a capacity of 850 seats.[26]

The School of Medical Science and Technology is located in the basement of the Vikramshila building.

The main building of the institute houses most of the administrative offices, lecture halls and two auditoriums on either side. The signage on the front reads “Dedicated to the Service of the Nation”. The tower of the main building has a steel tank with a water capacity of 10,000 gallons for emergency supplies. The Netaji Auditorium in the main building is used for official events and functions and serves as a cinema on weekends to show films to the IIT community at subsidized prices.

The first library of the IIT Kharagpur was in a small room of the old building of the institute (Shaheed Bhawan). When the library opened in 1951, it had a collection of 2,500 books. The central library is located in the main building of the institute and is one of the largest of its kind. The collection comprises over 350,000 books and documents and subscribes to more than 1,600 printed and online journals and conference reports.

The library has six halls and an area exclusively for SC and ST students. The library's collection consists of books, reports, conference proceedings, previous volumes of journals, standards, theses, microforms, DVDs, CD-ROMs, and audiovisual material. The library's transaction service is automated and online searches are possible using an online public access catalog (OPAC). The electronic library section contains a collection of databases, video lectures, and various other resources.

The Nehru Science and Technology Museum has more than a hundred indoor exhibits, including engineering models collected by institutions across India. The park in front of the museum features 14 open-air demonstrations and outdoor exhibits, including a fighter plane and a steam engine. The museum has an archive room that displays documents related to the history of the institute and the West Midnapore district.[27] The Rural Museum in the Institute's Rural Development Center has a collection of exhibits related to local culture.

Civil comforts [edit]

The institute's campus has six guest houses, a civic hospital, four nationalized banks, four schools (Hijli High School; Kendra Vidyalaya; DAV Model School; St. Agnes Branch School), a rail reservation desk, and a police station. The campus has a water pumping station, an electrical substation, a telephone switchboard, a market, six restaurants and a garbage disposal for the daily needs of the residents.[14] Another guest house and a congress center with a capacity of 2,000 people are currently being built. The institute draws its water supply from wells near the Kosai River (112 kilometers from the institute) by using underground water. Three deep wells near the institute supplement the supply from the river. The water is delivered via 16-inch (410 mm) piping to 12 tanks on campus with a total capacity of 2,800,000 liters (615,000 imperial gallons). However, the students recently showed dissatisfaction with the current equipment, particularly the community hospital, and forced the director to resign.[28]

The IIT Kharagpur is located just outside the city of Kharagpur in the village of Hijli. The civic facilities of the IIT Kharagpur campus make it almost self-sufficient in terms of the basic needs of the residents. Because Kharagpur is a small city, there is limited direct interaction between the campus community and the city. There are also few opportunities for employing family members of the faculty. Unlike some other IITs (such as IIT Bombay), IIT Kharagpur does not restrict outside access to the campus.[29] The IIT Kharagpur offers the local community much of its benefits through the on-campus Rural Development Center (RDC). Founded in 1975, RDC supports the local community by developing bespoke technologies.[30] The RDC also coordinates the National Service Scheme (NSS) programs at IIT Kharagpur, with NSS members participating in weekly community service activities such as sanitation, road building, teaching and building educational models.

In 2005 IIT Kharagpur started building a border wall for the security of the campus, which has now been completed. Slight restrictions apply to the entry of outside vehicles. The border wall was rejected by the local community as it would hinder access to the facilities provided by the institute. Because of this wall, the residents of the campus were also denied direct access to the adjacent Hijli train station. The local community previously rejected the construction of an overpass from the train station to the campus on the pretext that this would lead to a significant loss of opportunities for the shops along the streets. After construction of the flyover was completed and operational, things went as the local community expected, but the flyover has made transportation more convenient.[31] The construction of the 1,052.69 m long flyover has been approved by the Indian Railways and the government of the state of West Bengal. It's called Hijli Road Overbridge and was built for an estimated cost of £ 237 million ($ 3.3 million).[32]

Student dormitories [edit]

The Madan Mohan Malviya Hall accommodates both undergraduate and postgraduate students

IIT Kharagpur offers on-campus residential facilities for its students, academics, faculty members, and many of its staff.[33][34] The students live in dormitories (referred to as Halls) during their stay at the IIT.[35]

The rooms in the hostels are wired for the internet, for which students pay a mandatory fee. Most of the rooms in the older dormitories are designed for one student. However, due to the lack of adequate student accommodation, two students share the single room for the first two years. The new rooms of the Lal Bahadur Shastri-Saal and the new blocks of some other dormitories offer space for three students in one room.

The halls of the IIT Kharagpur are:

  • Ashutosh Mukherjee Hall
  • Azad Hall
  • Bidhan Chandra Roy Hall
  • BR Ambedkar Hall
  • Gokhale Hall
  • Homi Jehangir Bhabha Hall
  • Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Hall
  • Lala Lajpat Rai Hall
  • Lal Bahadur Shashtri Hall
  • Madan Mohan Malviya Hall
  • Meghnad Saha Hall
  • Mother Teresa Hall
  • Nehru Hall
  • Patel Hall
  • Radha Krishnan Hall
  • Rajendra Prasad Hall
  • Rani Laxmibai Hall
  • Sarojini Naidu / Indira Gandhi Hall
  • Sister Nivedita Hall
  • Vikram Sarabhai residential complex
  • Vikram Sarabhai Residential Complex 2
  • Vidyasagar Hall
  • Zakir Hussain Hall

In the first two years of study, students choose between the National Cadet Corps (NCC), the National Service Scheme (NSS) and the National Sports Organization (NSO).[36] IIT Kharagpur has common sports fields for cricket, soccer, hockey, one place for volleyball, two for lawn tennis, four indoor badminton courts, lanes for athletics; and swimming pools for water events. Most hostels have their own sports fields. The institute used to organize Shaurya, an annual intercollegiate sports and games meeting in October that was discontinued in 2012.[37]

Organization and administration [edit]

Leadership [edit]

IIT Kharagpur shares a common Visitor (a position of the President of India) and the IIT Council with other IITs. The rest of the IIT Kharagpur organizational structure is different from that of the other IITs. The Board of Governors of IIT Kharagpur is subordinate to the IIT Council and has 13 members, including representatives from the states of West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand and Odisha, as well as other members appointed by the IIT Council and the Institute's Senate. Under the Board of Governors is the director of the institute, who acts as a senior academic and executive officer of the IIT. He is assisted by the deputy director.[38] Under the director and the deputy director are the deans, department heads, the registrar, the president of the student council and the chairman of the hall management committee. The registrar is the chief administrative officer and monitors ongoing operations. He is the administrator of records, funds, and other properties of the institute.[38] The faculties (full-time professors as well as those with associate and assistant status) are under the direction of the department heads (HOD). The guards of the hostels are placed under the chair of the hall management committee of the organization.[39]

The IIT Kharagpur receives comparatively more funding than other engineering schools in India.[40] While total government funding for most other engineering schools is around £ 100-200 million (US $ 2-4.5 million) a year, IIT Kharagpur gets nearly £ 1,300 million (US $ 18 million) a year.[41] Other sources of funding include tuition fees and research grants from industry-funded projects. IIT Kharagpur awards scholarships to all MTech students and research scientists to encourage them to pursue higher education.[citation needed] The cost of undergraduate students, including accommodation and exhibition costs, is approximately £ 275,000 (US $ 3,900) per year. 35% of students receive additional financial assistance based on their personal needs and economic background, with their annual expenses being almost the same as £ 64,000 ($ 900).[42]

The academic policy of the IIT Kharagpur is determined by the Senate.[43] It consists of all professors of the institute as well as representatives of the administration and the students. The Senate controls and approves the curriculum, courses, exams, and results, and appoints committees to deal with specific academic issues. The institute's teaching, training and research activities are regularly reviewed by the Senate in order to maintain educational standards.[citation needed] The director of the IIT Kharagpur is the ex officio Chairman of the Institute's Senate.

Departments [edit]

  • Space technology
  • Agricultural and food technology
  • Architecture & regional planning
  • biotechnology
  • Chemical engineering
  • chemistry
  • Civil engineering
  • Computer science & engineering
  • Electrical engineering
  • Electronics & electrical engineering
  • Geology & Geophysics
  • Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Industrial and system technology
  • mathematics
  • mechanical engineering
  • Metallurgy & materials technology
  • Mining engineering
  • Marine engineering & naval architecture
  • physics

Centers [edit]

  • Rubber technology
  • Steel technology center
  • Reliability engineering
  • Cryogenics
  • Materials science
  • Oceans, Rivers, Atmosphere, and Land Sciences
  • Center for Rural Development
  • Advanced Technology Development Center
  • Center for Educational Technology
  • Rekhi Center for Science of Happiness[44]
  • Deysarkar Center Excellence in Petroleum Engineering[45]
  • AI competence center

Schools [edit]

Academics [edit]

Admission to most of the undergraduate and postgraduate courses at IIT Kharagpur takes place through written entrance exams. Admission to MS (von Research) and PhD programs is based on written tests followed by face-to-face interviews.

Admission to Bachelor programs in all IITs was tied to the joint entrance examination of the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT-JEE). Candidates who qualify for approval by IIT-JEE applied earlier for approval for four years BTech (Bachelor of Technology), five-year bachelor's degree, five-year dual degree (integrated) Bachelor of Technology and Master of Technology) and five-year integrated MSc (Master of Sciences) Courses at IIT Kharagpur. From 2013, approval was granted on the basis of two tests; JEE Mains and JEE Advance. Students who qualified for JEE Mains had the opportunity to apply for JEE Advance. The results of these exams are taken into account for admission to IITs. Admission to postgraduate programs (MTech) takes place primarily through the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE). Other postgraduate entrance exams include joint admission to MSc (JAM) for MSc and the Common Admission Test (CAT) conducted by IIMs for management studies.

15% of the seats are reserved for students belonging to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 7.5% for Scheduled Tribes (ST).[46] As of 2008 there is a separate reservation of 27% for the Other reverse classes.

IIT Kharagpur is a member of LAOTSE, a network of universities in Europe and Asia that exchange students and high-level scientists.

Basic training [edit]

A lecture hall in the Vikramshila complex

The IIT Kharagpur offers degrees as part of its bachelor's degree programs. These include the Bachelor of Technology (BTech.Hons), the Bachelor of Architecture (BArch) and the 5-year integrated Master of Science. The BTech degree is the most common undergraduate degree at IIT Kharagpur in terms of student enrollment. It is based on a four-year program with eight semesters. The first year of the BTech curriculum includes joint courses from different departments. At the end of the first year, students have the opportunity to change departments based on their performance in the first two semesters.[47] Unlike other IITs, who rate their students based on the performance of others who do not encourage collaborative learning and communication, the IIT Kharagpur uses absolute scores.[48]

From the second year onwards, students take courses offered by their departments depth Courses. In addition, students take interdisciplinary courses known as width Courses. Separate courses from the Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS) and Management and Information Technology Department are also required. At the end of the third year, the BTech and dual degree students complete industrial training for at least eight working weeks as part of the Bachelor's curriculum.[49] In the final year of their undergraduate studies, most students are offered jobs in industries and other organizations through the Institute's Training and Placement department, commonly known as the Career Development Center or CDC.[50] Some students choose to graduate or by applying directly to recruiting organizations. In addition to the major undergraduate degree, students can take courses from other departments and acquire a minor in that department by demonstrating knowledge of a discipline based on the goals set by the department. In order to stay up to date with the latest academic and industrial standards, IIT Kharagpur regularly revises its academic curriculum. In August 2017, under the Dean for Undergraduate Studies (Dean UGS) as chairman, an Undergraduate Council (UG Council) was formed by the Institute, whose representatives / representatives were to be elected / nominated for an annual term of office, the process of updating the curriculum, the inclusion of Feedback from students on various academic guidelines and forwarding suggestions and proposals to the institute's Senate.

Postgraduate and PhD training [edit]

IIT Kharagpur offers postgraduate courses including Master of Technology (MTech), Master of Business Administration (MBA) and Master of Sciences (MSc). Some specialized postgraduate programs offered by IIT Kharagpur include Master of Human Resource Management (MHRM), Postgraduate Diploma in Information Technology (PGDIT), Masters in Medicine and Technology (MMST), Masters in Urban Planning (MCP), LL.B in Intellectual Property Law (LL.B Honors in IP Law) and Postgraduate Diploma in Maritime Operations and Management (PGDMOM). The institute offers the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) as part of its doctoral training. The doctoral students receive a topic from the professor or work on consulting projects funded by the industry. The duration of the program is usually not fixed and depends on the discipline. Doctoral students submit a dissertation and conduct an oral defense of their dissertation. Teaching assistant positions (TA) and research assistant positions (RA) are offered based on the academic profile of the scientist. IIT Kharagpur offers an MS (based on research) program. MTech and MS are similar to US university master’s degrees for non-theses (course-based) and theses (research-based), respectively.

Vinod Gupta School of Management, the first management school within the IIT system.

The IIT Kharagpur offers (along with other IITs) dual degree programs that integrate undergraduate and postgraduate studies in selected branches and specializations. Most dual degree programs involve specializing in the major area of ​​the student's education. For a dual degree with an MBA from the Vinod Gupta School of Management, the selection is made on the basis of an aptitude test by students from all technical areas. The dual degree program comprises five years versus six years in conventional BTech (four years), followed by an MTech or MBA (two years).[51]

The IIT Kharagpur has a management school (Vinod Gupta School of Management), a school for entrepreneurship (Rajendra Mishra School of Engineering Entrepreneurship) and a law school (Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law) on its premises. The Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law was opened in partnership with George Washington University.[52] The Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law is the only law school in the country's IIT system. The School of Medical Science and Technology at IIT Kharagpur is the first and “only” of its kind in the country to train MBBS graduates in the arts and sciences of medical research to provide a platform for interdisciplinary teaching and research in the EU to create the field of medical science and technology. IIT Kharagpur will invest approximately £ 2.3 billion (US $ 32 million) in its 400-bed super specialty hospital on campus, which will provide students with an undergraduate medical course. The institute is expected to start the course in 2017, which is recognized by the Medical Council of India (MCI).[53]

IIT Kharagpur also offers a unique three-institute program. Postgraduate Diploma in Business Analytics (PGDBA)) in cooperation with IIM Calcutta and ISI Kolkata, who are 14th worldwide according to the QS World University Ranking 2019.[54]

Continuing education [edit]

The institute offers the Continuing Education Program (CEP) for qualified engineers and scientists to learn technologies and developments in their academic disciplines. As part of the CEP, the institute offers formal courses (MTech and PhD) and an Early Faculty Induction Program (EFIP).[55] As part of the Quality Improvement Program (QIP), short-term courses supported by the All India Council for Technical Education, self-funded short-term courses supported by course fees, and certificate courses conducted as distance learning In addition to the implementation of training courses, the CEP develops model curricula for engineering training. As of 2006, the CEP has facilitated the publication of 103 curricula. The CEP manages SIMAP (Small Industries Management Assistant Program) and STUP (Skill-cum-Technology Upgradation Program) on behalf of IIT Kharagpur. The institute is a corpus institute of SIDBI (Small Industries Development Bank of India).[56]

[edit]

The institute received 171 research revenues valued at £ 417 million (US $ 5.8 million) - and 130 advisory projects in the 2005-2006 session. The institute transferred 15 technologies to industry in the same session. The institute has registered 125 patents and 25 of them have been granted. This does not apply to patents of individual professors or students. At the same session the value of international projects was £ 9.9 million (US $ 140,000) and the income from transferred technology was approximately £ 2.5 million (US $ 35,000). The institute earned £ 520 million (US $ 7.3 million) from research projects in the 2005-2006 session.[22] The main sponsors of the research include the Indian Ordnance Factories,[57]Indian National Science Academy, Department of Human Resources and Development, Defense Research and Development Organization, Microsoft Corporation, Department of Science and Technology, Department of Communications and Information Technology (India) and Indian Space Research Organization.[58] IIT Kharagpur has had a cell known as the Sponsored Research and Industrial Consultancy (SRIC) cell since 1982. It manages sponsored research projects and industrial consulting assignments, and has the infrastructure to manage 600 R&D projects at the same time.[59]

The Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research has partnered with IIT Kharagpur to conduct research into the design and development of Fast Breeder Reactors (FBRs). This is an important development that will fuel the second stage of India's nuclear power program.[60]

Rating system [edit]

The IIT Kharagpur follows the credit-based system of performance evaluation, with courses weighted proportionally according to their importance.[47] The total score (usually 100) forms the basis of the grades, with a grade value (10) being assigned to a range of grades. For each semester, the students are assessed using a weighted average of all courses with their respective credit points. Each semester is assessed independently with a cumulative grade point average (CGPA), which reflects the average performance over the semesters.

Ranking lists [edit]

Internationally, IIT Kharagpur was ranked 281 in the QS World University Rankings of 2020.[61] 56 in Asia in 2020[63] and 23 among the BRICS countries in 2019.[64] It was made by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings from 2020,[65] 59 in the Emerging Economies University Rankings of 2020[67] and 32 in Asia in 2020.[66]

In India, IIT Kharagpur was ranked 3rd among the state engineering schools of India today in 2020[71] 4. Among the engineering schools of Outlook India in 2019[70] and fifth among the engineering schools of the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) in 2020,[69] It also finished fifth overall.[68]

The architecture department was ranked first among all architecture schools in India by the NIRF in 2020.[75]The Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law took fourth place among law schools[72] and the Vinod Gupta School of Management (VGSoM) was ranked fifth among management schools.[73] VGSoM was also rated 22nd Business today‘S“ India's Best B Schools 2019 ”.[74]

Internships at IIT Kharagpur [edit]

The international internships began in 2006.[76] Two overseas companies, oil giants Schlumberger and Halliburton, visited IIT Kharagpur this year and offered annual salaries of $ 80,000.[77] The reason for delayed international internships was that the IIT had to give up its politics earlier.[78]

The highest domestic compensation in 2008 was £ 1.8 million (US $ 25,000) per year.[79] In 2011 Goldman Sachs recruited 10 students for a package of £ 2.6 million (US $ 36,000) per year.[80]

Barclays Capital recruited 11 students with a compensation package of £ 2 million ($ 28,000) per year in December 2009. The highest salary offered to date is £ 17 million ($ 240,000) per year from the social networking website Facebook im As part of an offshore recruitment (from which employees have share ownership plans [ESOPs] were offered valued at £ 10 million) in December 2010.[81][82][83] The 2010 group of BTech students had 94% internships, while the remaining preferred IIMs or entrepreneurship. Deutsche Bank recruited 9 students for a package of £ 1.5 million ($ 21,000) per year.[84] For the 2012 batch, Facebook made four students the highest bid of $ 150,000.[85][86][87][88][89] For the 2013 batch, three student salaries were offered of £ 8 million (US $ 110,000) per year, while eight other have offers of £ 7.5 million (US $ 110,000) from Google, Facebook and Microsoft.[90] For Charge 2014, the highest package offered to a student is around £ 9 million (US $ 130,000) from Google.[91]

Student life [edit]

General Championship [edit]

The students of the IIT Kharagpur compete with each other at various events that take place as part of Open-IIT and Inter-Hall events. The results of the latter contribute to the points that determine the winner of the General Championship. The four categories in which general championships are decided are sports, social and cultural activities, technology, and indoor affairs. The women's hostel takes part as a team in all events, with the exception of sports in which the women's team does not take part on the level between the halls. IIT Kharagpur participates in the Inter IIT Sports Meet, which takes place annually in one of the IITs according to a rotation policy.[92]

The Alankar Magazine logo in 1984

Students select their representatives through elections held under the control of the technology students' gymkhana. A 14-day newsletter is called The avenue of scholars, named after the street common to the student dormitories, is published by an independent student body. A monthly Hindi newsletter, Awaazis published by another independent student body.[93] In March, individual halls organize “Hall Day” - an annual event in which the organization hall is illuminated and decorated and in which students from all halls take part. The event is also used by the halls to publicize their candidates for student body elections.

Disciplinary Committee [edit]

Students who violate the institute's code of conduct must defend themselves before the Hall Disciplinary Committee (HDC), which investigates the case and, if necessary, prescribes a punishment. Students can appeal the punishment to the Appellate-cum-Liaison Committee, the Inter Hall Disciplinary Committee (IHDC). The IHDC submits its recommendations to the Senate, which completes the punishment. Extreme cases of indiscipline will be referred directly to the IHDC. IHDC has the power to punish students for acts of indiscretion committed anywhere in India.[94] IIT Kharagpur has strict regulations dealing with the physical and mental harassment of junior students (ragging). Students who molest their juniors will be suspended from the institute without going through the disciplinary committee.[95]

Cultural festivals [edit]

Bands performing at the 2012 Spring Festival, IIT Kharagpur.

IIT Kharagpur has festivals like Spring Fest, Kshitij. Spring Festival, the IIT Kharagpur's annual sociocultural festival, is the largest student-administered socio-cultural festival in Asia. It takes place in January. In addition to stage shows, the Spring Festival also includes cultural competitions (known as Starry nights) by singers and performers such as Sunidhi Chauhan, Farhan Akhtar, Salim-Sulaiman, Vishal-Shekhar, KK, Pritam, Kailash Kher, Shaan, Breathe, Led Zepplica etc. The size of the Spring Festival is huge and attracts more than 150 participants in colleges in all of India.[14] IIT Kharagpur organizes a techno management festival called Kshitij. It is Asia's largest techno management festival with a total budget of more than 15 million and a total prize pool of £ 5 million (US $ 70,000). An annual techno management festival that is organized in January or February and in which foreign universities also take part. Events include technical workshops, seminars, and competitions. In order to keep the students informed about modern technologies and to arouse their curiosity, the institute works with other institutes to organize conferences and seminars.[96]

Celebration of eco-friendly Diwali at IIT Kharagpur

Robotix, the IIT Kharagpur's annual robotics competition, is organized during Kshitij. IIT Kharagpur organizes an annual intercollegiate sports and games meeting called Shaurya. It takes place in the autumn semester in October. Events include cricket, hockey, volleyball, basketball, badminton, table tennis, lawn tennis, and water sports. Archery, boxing and handball workshops are held.

The Institute of Computer Science and Engineering organizes Bitwise IIT Kharagpur, an online programming competition that takes place annually in February. Programming and algorithmic challenges are reported within 12 hours. In Bitwise 2011, 5000 teams from 80 countries took part. Bitwise 2012 took place on February 12, 2012.

In January, the Entrepreneurship Cell organizes a Global Entrepreneurship Summit, which consists of guest lectures, workshops, a start-up camp and other events on the subject of entrepreneurship and start-up.

There are other departmental festivals like Esperanza (organized by the Department of Electronics and Electrical Communication Technology) Prithvi[97] (organized by the Department of Geology)

A technical festival on petroleum, the Petrofiesta, is organized in November by the IIT Kharagpur Chapter of the Society of Petroleum Engineers IIT. This is a unique festival that provides a platform for students from all over the country to compete and share their ideas and knowledge in the field of the petroleum industry.[98]

Student organizations [edit]

Research group for autonomous ground vehicles (AGV), IIT Kharagpur [edit]

The AGV IIT Kharagpur team is one of the most established robotics research groups at Indian universities. IIT Kharagpur was sponsored by SRIC as part of the Center for Excellence in Robotics and has been a leader in robotics research on campus. The aim of the group is to build a successful self-driving car for Indian roads. The team has achieved successes in international competitions such as the Intelligent Ground Vehicle Competition and took 2nd place in 2018 and 6th place in 2013. The team is also one of the top 13 participants in the Mahindra Rise Prize SDC challenge. The group conducts cutting-edge research in the fields of robot design, robot control, computer vision, simultaneous localization and mapping, AI and motion planning. The group is led by Prof. Debashish Chakravarty.

Auro Robotics from SF-Bay (now acquired by RideCell) is a spin-off startup of a group and is at the forefront of research on self-driving cars worldwide.[99]

[edit]

The Kharagpur Robosoccer Students ‘Group, KRSSG for short, is one of the IIT Kharagpur's first projects in robotics research. It is a research group sponsored by SRIC as part of the Center for Excellence in Robotics. The aim of the research group is to manufacture autonomous soccer robots and to take part in international competitions such as RoboCup and the Roboworld Cup of the Federation of International Robot-Soccer Association (FIRA). Students of all faculties and years were involved, including undergraduate and postgraduate students. The main researcher for the project is Prof. Jayanta Mukhopadhyay alongside Prof. AK Deb, Prof. DK Pratihar and Prof. Sudeshna Sarkar.

KRSSG participated in FIRA 2013 Malaysia, FIRA 2014 Beijing, China and FIRA 2015 Daejeon, South Korea and won the bronze medal.[100] Recently it also took part in the 3D Humanoid Simulation League 2016 in Leipzig and won 7th place.

Team KART (Kharagpur Automobile Racing Team) [edit]

The Kharagpur Automobile Racing Team, better known as “Team KART”, is a group of students who love to explore the practical side of automotive engineering. The team designs and builds prototypes of Formula Student racing cars and represents IIT Kharagpur at Formula Student UK & Formula Bharat.[101] It was founded in 2008 and has since made seven cars - KX-1, K-1, K-2, K-2.2, K-3, K-4, and K-5. K-2 secured 67th place out of 120 teams worldwide at Formula Student UK 2013. Several design mistakes in K2 have been corrected in K-2.2 with a new chassis and intake-exhaust system. The team took part in the FDC 2015 and passed the technical exam. It took part in dynamic events and secured first place in the Business Presentation and Cost Report, 2nd in the Business Plan Presentation and 2nd in the Cost and Manufacturing Report. With a new 3D printed inlet in the K-3, the change in performance was significant. With K-4, the team took part in Formula Bharat 2019 and had it tuned for better performance in Bangalore. The Auto K-5 has made significant improvements in the design of the electronics subsystem, including the data acquisition system and driver interface. The team took part in the Formula Bharat 2020 with K-5 and brought the institute major awards by taking 2nd place in the presentation of the business plan, 6th place in construction and 10th place in the overall ranking. K-5 was also the team's first car to take part in all dynamic events. The design for the next K-6 car is still ongoing.

Gopali Youth Welfare Society [edit]

The Gopali Youth Welfare Society is a government registered NGO run by students from IIT Kharagpur with the help of professors from IIT Kharagpur and local members of Gopali village.[102][103]

The main initiative of GYWS is an English middle school, Jagriti Vidya Mandir. High quality education is offered absolutely free of charge to disadvantaged children. The school is located in Tangasole village in Salua outside the IIT campus in Kharagpur. Around 200 pupils from kindergarten to grade V are enrolled in the school. Books, uniform and means of transport are made available to the children. .[104]

Entrepreneurship Cell [edit]

Entrepreneurship Cell (E-Cell)[105] is a student organization working under the STEP (Science and Technology Entrepreneurs ‘Park) within the institute to promote entrepreneurship among students across India.[106] It provides mentoring and support to start-up companies, helping them with venture capital funding and incubation through STEP and SRIC, IIT Kharagpur.

It runs two major events, the Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES), a three-day event held at the institute in January, and the Entrepreneurship Awareness Drive (EAD), a 20-day event made up of 20 guest lectures from cities across India . The Knowledge Camp is held annually for the benefit of the IIT-KGP students, while the Innovation Platform and Fund-a-KGPian programs continue throughout the year in order to identify and recognize innovative ideas from IIT-KGP students in addition to workshops and guest lectures support the year.

Professors Sunil Handa, Padma Shri Anil K. Gupta, Sanjeev Bhikchandani, Vinod Dham, Arjun Malhotra, Rajat Sharma and Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw are some of the speakers who have given lectures inside and outside the IIT-KGP.

E-Cell was instrumental in founding the Rajendra Mishra School of Engineering Entrepreneurship. The E-Cell has played a key role in the Deferred Placement Program (DPP), where a student can choose to do an internship one year after completing their course if they are involved in a start-up company. This is the first time such a program has been offered to students in India.

Space Technology Student Society [edit]

The Space Technology Student Society (spAts) is a student initiative that functions as the official student body of the Kalpana Chawla Space Technology Cell (KCSTC), the contact point of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) at IIT Kharagpur. It is responsible for organizing the annual space themed festival “National Students‘ Space Challenge (NSSC) ”.[107] NSSC is the country's first and largest astronomical and space science festival. After its conception in 2011, it has grown exponentially, registering over 2000 participants in 2018.[108]late has consistently been instrumental in organizing space lectures, sessions with a view of the sky, lectures, discussions and presentations within the IIT Kharagpur. The group publishes a two-semester newsletter, “The Moonwalk”, about the latest projects in space technology and various astronomical articles.[109]

Megalith - The annual tech festival for civil engineering [edit]

megalith [110] is the annual technical festival of the Department of Civil Engineering of the Indian Institute of Technology in Kharagpur, held under the auspices of the Civil Engineering Society, IIT Kharagpur and under the auspices of the Institution of Civil Engineers (UK), Chapter IIT Kharagpur In 2009 Megalith has achieved great success in engineering and business and has grown into the largest civil engineering engineering festival in India. It offers a variety of competitions, workshops and guest lectures.

Society for Filmmaking and Photography [edit]

Society for Technology Film and Photography (TFPS) is the IIT Kharagpur's student interest club, designed to provide a platform for students interested in filmmaking and photography to collaborate and pursue their interests.[111] The society also organizes special screenings of recognized independent films and workshops to which professionals from the industry are invited.

Biswapati Sarkar from TVF is one of the founding members of the society. Alumni of the society have received critically acclaimed documentaries and films such as ‘Das Unreservierte‘[112] and make careers in filmmaking, media, and advertising.[113]

Interaction between alumni and the institute is maintained through the alumni network under the auspices of the dean for alumni affairs and international relations, his office staff and student representatives. It also helps organize the annual alumni get-togethers.

Notable Graduates [edit]

  • Srikumar Banerjee, former director of the Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC).
  • Mani Lal Bhaumik, Indian born American physicist
  • Soumen Chakrabarti, Professor, Faculty of Computer Science and Engineering, IIT Bombay. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize Winner.
  • Partha Pratim Chakraborty, Former Director, IIT Kharagpur. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize Winner.
  • Mihir Kanti Chaudhuri, Vice Chancellor of Tezpur University, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize Winner[114]
  • Subhasis Chaudhuri, Director IIT Bombay, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize Winner.
  • J Sai Deepak, Attorney, Supreme Court of India
  • Rono Dutta, CEO of IndiGo Airlines[115] & Former CEO of United Airlines
  • Vinod Gupta, founder and former chairman and CEO of Infogroup
  • Ajit Jain, VC of Berkshire Hathaway.
  • Raj Kamal Jha, Editor-in-Chief - The Indian Express and writer
  • Arvind Kejriwal, Prime Minister of Delhi
  • Ashok Khemka, Indian civil servant famous for exposing corruption, computer scientist.
  • Pradeep K. Khosla, 8th Chancellor, University of California, San Diego
  • S. Rao Kosaraju developed the Kosaraju algorithm that finds the strongly connected components of a directed graph
  • Arup Kumar Raychaudhuri, Condensed Matter Physicist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize Winner[116]
  • Arunabh Kumar, CEO and Co-Founder of The Viral Fever
  • Jitendra Kumar, co-founder of The Viral Fever
  • Narendra Kumar, physicist, Padma Shri recipient
  • Arjun Malhotra, co-founder of HCL Technologies
  • Kumarendra Mallick, geophysicist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize winner
  • Sankar Kumar Nath, geophysicist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize winner[117]
  • Janardan Ganpatrao Negi, Theoretical Geophysicist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize Winner
  • Sundar Pichai, CEO of Google
  • Surendra Prasad, Communications Engineer, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize Winner[118]
  • Jaikumar Radhakrishnan, Former Dean, TIFR Bombay. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize Winner.
  • K. Radhakrishnan, Chair, ISRO, India (2009-2014)
  • Biswa Kalyan Rath, stand-up comedian
  • Basanta Kumar Sahu, Mathematical Geologist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize Winner[119]
  • Arun Sarin, former CEO of Vodafone
  • Biswapati Sarkar, co-founder of The Viral Fever
  • Kiran Seth, founder of SPIC MACAY
  • Duvvuri Subbarao, 22nd Governor of the Reserve Bank of India
  • Sabu Thomas, VC Mahatma Gandhi University, Kerala

Alumni initiatives [edit]

The Vinod Gupta School of Management (VGSOM) and the Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law were founded with donations from Vinod Gupta (founder, Infogroup) together with the support of the Indian government. VGSOM started in 1993 with 30 students. Other centers set up with alumni funding are the GS Sanyal School of Telecommunication and the VLSI CAD Laboratory. Founded in 1992 by Vinod Gupta, the IIT Foundation is the institute's alumni association with departments in cities in India and abroad. Subrata Gupta is the director of the West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation.[120] The alumni association publishes the quarterly newsletter KGPian for the alumni.[121] The institute also publishes a monthly e-newsletter entitled KGP connection for alumni.[122] IIT Kharagpur has an alumni dean who manages alumni relations. The US-based alumni of IIT Kharagpur have the Vision 2020 Fundraiser to provide infrastructure (such as laboratories and equipment) and to attract and retain faculty and students. Vision 2020 aims to raise an endowment fund of USD 200 million by 2020 for technological education, research and innovation growth of the institute.[123] On April 20, 2013, ex-graduates of IIT Kharagpur formed a group Kharagpur-in-Mumbai group and held a meeting in Bandra, Mumbai to share "the easiest, most pragmatic ways" you can give back to society.[124]

References [edit]

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  14. ^ abcChattopadhyay, Suhrid Sankar (April 27, 2002). “Kharagpur's Legend”. Volume 19 - Issue 9. Front. Retrieved August 28, 2006.
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