Did Jesus ever preach racism?
What is the Sermon on the Mount?
The Sermon on the Mount is a speech that the itinerant preacher Jesus of Nazareth gave on a mountain in northern Israel when he was about 30 years old. It is probably the most famous sermon of Jesus and marks the beginning of his public ministry. In it he lays out his basic program, so to speak, and lays down rules for living together.
In the sermon, which can be read in the Bible in the Gospel of Matthew (chapters 5-7), Jesus calls people to love their fellow human beings, even their enemies, and to treat everyone with respect. He calls on them to do good and to help each other, especially the disadvantaged and weaker.
The Sermon on the Mount contains passages of text that are considered core parts of Christianity today, such as the Beatitudes, the commandment to love one's enemies, the "Golden Rule" and the Our Father.
Jesus' Sermon on the Mount is at the heart of the Christian faith. Jesus' sermon is disturbing, edifying, and authoritative. More than ever, the text from Matthew 5-7 provides guidelines for society as a whole. The booklet helps you to understand and rediscover the core text of the Christian faith.
Order the TOPIC magazine "The Sermon on the Mount" now!
What does the Sermon on the Mount say?
The Sermon on the Mount is in the New Testament of the Bible in the Gospel of Matthew and is three chapters long. It contains central and still significant words of Jesus, including the Beatitudes, the Lord's Prayer, the commandment to love one's enemies and the "Golden Rule".
At the beginning there are nine beatitudes. Each begins with the words "Blessed are" such as:
Blessed are those who suffer; because they should be comforted [...]Matthew 5.4
Then that follows Parable of salt and light. Incidentally, the German Evangelical Church Congress took place in Stuttgart in 1999 under this motto.
You are the salt of the earth [...] You are the light of the world.Matthew 5: 13-16
Jesus also speaks about basic rules and explains the Ten Commandments in more detail. He speaks in the so-called Antitheses including about adultery, fasting, swearing and killing. His call to love not only friends but also enemies was discussed intensively:
But I say to you: love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, so that you may be children of your Father who is in heaven.Matthew 5:44
The Sermon on the Mount also contains the most important prayer of Christians, the Our Father. The "Golden Rule"which explains in just one sentence how people should behave. The ethical principle is similar in many other religions.
Now whatever you want people to do to you, do it for them too! That is the law and the prophets.Matthew 7:12
The Beatitudes, the "Golden Rule", the Our Father - the Sermon on the Mount contains the core elements of Christianity. In it, Jesus outlines the ethical identity of Christians. In our special you can read what is hidden behind the text in the Gospel of Matthew and why it is still important today!
Christianity is the largest religious community in the world. Around 2.3 billion people profess Jesus Christ. But what exactly do Christians believe in? What is the significance of festivals and holidays such as Christmas, Easter, Ascension and Pentecost? And what is behind the Lord's Prayer or the Sermon? Read about it in our dossier!
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