Describe the multiple consciousness
The term "neurological diseases" includes a variety of different diseases that affect either the central or the peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system includes the brain and the spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system includes the nerves that run outside the spinal canal with their connections to the muscles.
Neurological diseases are, for example, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's dementia, stroke, restless legs syndrome, migraines, tinnitus, herniated discs, sleep disorders, depression and impaired consciousness.
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A stroke is a sudden problem with blood flow in the brain. All cells in the body need oxygen constantly and regularly. This reaches the cells via the blood. The brain cells are extremely sensitive. If the blood and thus the oxygen supply are interrupted, the nerve cells die very quickly.
An intervertebral disc is deformable and elastic. It allows a certain mobility of two neighboring vertebral bodies and cushions loads. In the case of a herniated disc, the intervertebral disc swells out of its original location. Read more about the consequences of a herniated disc ...
Multiple sclerosis (MS)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. The brain uses nerve tracts to send signals to the body via the spinal cord and receives signals back from there. The nerves are covered with a protective layer of myelin. If this myelin layer is damaged, the signal transmission is disturbed.
The spinal cord is divided into different segments. Each segment is responsible for controlling certain muscle groups and organ functions. If a cross section of the spinal cord is severed completely or incompletely, bodily functions will fail. How severe the damage is depends on the severity of the damage to the spinal cord.
Causalgia describes a dull, burning, attack-like pain that often occurs after traumatic nerve damage. Nerves that supply the forearm flexors, the muscles of the shin and the short toe muscles are particularly affected.
There are a number of pains that result from damage to peripheral nerves. They are summarized under the generic term neuralgia. Their peculiarities are similar to those of phantom pain and causalgia. Characteristic is the strong, constant pain that is difficult to get under control even with surgical treatments or other therapeutic methods.
Parkinson's disease, along with Alzheimer's disease, is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases. The main characteristics of the disease are a high degree of sedentary lifestyle up to immobility, muscle stiffness, resting tremors and unsteadiness.
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