Why don't American schools promote vocational education?
Education for children and young people
- About plan
- Education and training
At Plan International, we invest more in educational programs than in any other development area, because education is the key to getting out of poverty.
We promote child-friendly and non-violent schools with child-friendly equipment
We promote child-friendly and non-violent schools through child-friendly equipment, further training of teachers in modern teaching methods and the introduction of participation structures. Literacy coursesand vocational training combined with MicrofinancePrograms offer young people and adults career prospects.
What does the right to education include?
Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone has the right to education Has. In addition, at least elementary school and basic education must be free of charge. The states are required to provide technical and vocational education generally available and to give everyone access to university education.
Above all, the education should be geared towards the own personality to fully develop and to respect human rights and freedoms. The United Nations also see education as Keeping the peace at. With high-quality education, every girl and boy can develop their own potential, influence their own future and participate socially and politically.
The right to education is also included in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and therefore applies to everyone Children worldwide. Article 28 states that States parties recognize the child's right to education. In order to guarantee the implementation of the law, the states undertake, among other things, to make primary school attendance compulsory and free of charge for all. In the Federal Republic of Germany, all children under the age of 6 are required to attend school on the basis of this article.
Children develop in the first eight years of their lives important cognitive, physical and other skills. That is why we focus on early childhood support. This includes projects that are about maintenance, development and education deal with this age group. They include early support for children, support programs for their parents, and support in transitioning to elementary school.
An important next step in the development of girls and boys after early childhood support and high-quality schooling is the transition to working life. Youth unemployment is increasing worldwide. In the transition from school to vocational training, girls and young women have a hard time due to social norms, harmful traditions and role expectations. When they have to contribute to the family income, many only find work in the informal sector or in traditional women's professions such as domestic help or educator.
This is where we come in with our program economic promotion from adolescents. You will be prepared for working life to yourself get out of poverty. We pursue a holistic and participatory approach based on children's rights and involve young people, governments, the private sector and civil society in our work. The young people learn about their social and economic rights. You have the option of applying for scholarships and using a mentoring system.
Not all children have access to education
Although education is such an important human right, have 264 million children between 6 and 17 years of age do not have the opportunity to attend school. Only in half of all countries do all children go to school. And even when girls and boys go to school, they often finish school without a qualification, which has dire consequences for their future careers.
According to UNESCO, around 750 million adults worldwide are considered to beIlliterate, two thirds of them are women. Little has changed in this over the past ten years. Young people in particular run the risk of ending up in jobs with precarious working conditions. They and their families are then often affected by human rights violations such as child labor.
Why can some children not go to school?
In many countries, states have theirs Obligation not after fulfilling the human right to education for all. This is because there is a lack of investment in the education sector. There is also a lack of qualified teachers and suitable premises. Often it is because of the lack of basic requirements in schools that children cannot attend school. But there are other reasons:
Many families in poor countries are frompoverty affected. Primary education itself is mostly free of charge, but parents have to pay for teaching materials and travel expenses, among other things. In addition, many children work instead of studying in school to support their parents financially. The parents usually have to decide out of necessity that their children work instead of going to school, otherwise they can no longer look after the family. The majority (70 percent) of all children and young people worldwide who do not go to school live in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.
Girls have a particularly difficult time
Especially forgirl it is difficult to gain access to education and develop their skills. Go around the world 130 million girls not to school. In many regions of the world three main factors prevent girls from accessing education: they are poor, they live in rural areas or they belong to minorities who are discriminated against or marginalized. Counteracting this is a major challenge.
In addition, parents often fail to recognize the value of education for girls. Girls have to do a lot of the housework and look after their younger siblings. When girls have to help out a lot in the household, they often lack the time and energy to study regularly. In class they are tired or stay away from it, so that their performance is no longer sufficient for further school attendance and they areDrop out of school.
In addition, early and forced marriages as well as early pregnancies are reasons for dropping out of school. But alsoChildren with disabilities and children whoethnic minoritiesas well as those who live in poor and rural areas are often excluded from education.
Even if primary education is free of charge by law in most countries, many families still have to raise funds for the education of their children: for example materials, Uniforms, Trips to school as well as additional fees. According to a survey by UNESCO, a child's primary school attendance in Uganda in 2014 cost his family 59 US dollars PPP (see below) a year. A year in high school was already $ 511 PPP.
Insufficient government investment in education is one of the main barriers to good education. Teachers play a central role in this. To improve the quality of teaching, they need a high quality one Initial and continuing education. In addition, more teachers urgently need to be recruited in order to reduce the size of the classes. Often times, the pay is so bad that the teachers have another job and then classes are canceled.
Where governments have invested more in the education system, so far only privileged children and those who live in cities have benefited. Children in Conflict areas However, those who live who work or who are discriminated against on the basis of their ethnicity, gender or disability do not benefit. The older a child gets, the more likely it is that they will no longer go to school or drop out.
In low-income countries in particular, people walk significantly less Children with disabilities to school than without. The barriers include teaching methods and learning materials that are not adapted to the needs of these children, difficult routes to school that are not accessible with a wheelchair, for example. Structural barriers such as stairs and narrow doors make access more difficult for children with physical disabilities. Last but not least, social stigmatization also prevents them from going to school.
Another challenge is the language of instruction. It is not an everyday language for half of children in middle and low income countries. According to UNESCO, the Literacy rate significantly higher in sub-Saharan Africa when teaching is in everyday language. This is not the case in countries where classes are held in the former colonial language or a mixture of the former colonial and everyday language.
What does PPP mean?
PPP stands for "at purchasing power parity" and means something like purchasing power parity. It is used to compare the cost of living in different countries. 1 US dollar PPP corresponds to what one US dollar can buy in the USA.
Worldwide, 875 million girls and boys go to school in areas with a high earthquake risk. Hundreds of millions are from regular Floods, Landslides, Storm and Fires affected.
With our global program for safe schools, we want to secure educational opportunities in the context of disasters and climate change. Students learn as they do protect their lives and warn their congregation if any catastrophe entry. Education must be guaranteed even in disasters and the resilience of children must be strengthened.
Why education is so important
The international community has committed itself to guaranteeing all children free, inclusive and high-quality primary and secondary education by 2030. This is set out in Sustainability Goal 4 of the 2030 Agenda: Equitable and high quality education.
Quality education includes human rights education and age-appropriate, extensive sex education. Through better education of the students: inside could annually three million Children under five years of life will be saved. In addition, further education reduces the risk of marrying underage or becoming a victim of a forced marriage. Attending secondary school also reduces early pregnancies. So the young girls keep hers social standing in the community.
In addition, quality education should full potential of girls and boys. It is particularly important to have girls and boys in theirs Self-confidence and to strengthen their skills and redefine gender roles on the basis of equality.
Even in conflict situations, it must be ensured that the lessons continue and offer a safe (learning) place for children.
How is Plan International involved?
We at Plan International are committed to ensuring that all girls and boys equal access to get education. This includes attending kindergarten as well as completing secondary school. For us, education begins at birth. To this end, we strengthen the communities in supporting their children in learning. We are also equipping schools child-friendly and offer advanced training for teachers.
Also the construction and the Equipping inclusive schools form an important part of our work. We want all children to be theirs Fundamental rights know and learn to write and read at school.
Plans Global Education Strategy
education is a human right and is laid down as a fundamental right in Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. Our goals and strategies in the field of education are based on these conventions and the sustainable development goals of the 2030 Agenda. As part of our work approach of child-oriented community development, we focus on education.
We pursue in the Educational strategy a holistic approach: girls and boys should be given access to education from kindergarten to graduation from secondary school. As we understand it, education begins with birth and includes school and extracurricular education through to adult and vocational education. Inclusive education, i.e. the education of particularly disadvantaged children, is very important to us.
The strategy is based on two pillars:
- The advocacy work, in which we work with governments to ensure that policies and laws strengthen education systems, particularly in the areas of inclusion and equality.
- Education programs that empower communities to support children in their learning and to work to improve the state education system. We want to help the communities understand education as part of a democratic process for social change.
Further topics: Global education campaign
“Education is a human right, but it is not yet a reality for many women and girls. Education carries a message - a message of trust and hope. She tells the child: You have a future, what you think has meaning. "
(UN Secretary-General Global Initiative on Education 2012)
Education is the key to getting out of poverty. Many children in Plan International's program countries learn to read and write late. We are committed to giving all girls and boys in the project areas access to basic education.Further information: school attendance
Many people around the world cannot read or write. This creates disadvantages for them in everyday life, which can prevent them from finding their way out of poverty. We at Plan International are committed to greater educational equality and contribute to promoting literacy worldwide.More info: literacy
Education in Africa: "Empowering Girls in Ethiopia"
A film by Antje Büll.
Mile-long ways to school, the lack of classrooms and sanitary facilities make it difficult for children in Zimbabwe to attend school. In order to be able to take part in lessons, some children even spend the night in simple accommodation near the school. But these are unguarded and girls in particular are exposed to a high risk of sexual violence there. In our Chipinge and Mutare project regions, we are therefore building girls' dormitories at four secondary schools so that the pupils there find a safe environment and good conditions for learning. We are also building classrooms and sanitary facilities to create better learning conditions for around 6,640 girls and boys.
In Geita, many children work in artisanal mining in the gold mines to contribute to the income of their families. Working there is extremely dangerous. Because in order to loosen the gold from the rock, highly toxic chemicals are used. In the fishing industry on Lake Victoria, too, many children work in exploitative employment relationships. With this project we want to protect girls and boys from dangerous work and free them from child labor. With our support, they will regain access to schools and training opportunities.
Child labor, early marriage and long journeys to school are some of the reasons why many children in Nepal do not go to school. In the remote villages of the province of Karnali, in the west of the Himalayas, we want to change this and give children better access to schooling.
In Peru, with this project we advocate equal rights and political participation for girls and young women. Because indigenous girls and women in particular are often discriminated against there. The project is part of our Girls Lead Program, with which we empower girls and young women so that they can claim their rights and influence decisions that affect their lives.
In Cambodia, girls learn early on to hold back and not speak their mind openly. With this project we want to change that. 1,170 girls and boys take part in training courses for this purpose. There they learn to question traditional role models and to work together for more equality. The project is part of our Girls Lead Program, with which we strengthen the political participation of girls and young women.
In Rwanda, only around half of all children complete primary school. In preschools, the enrollment rate is only 18 percent. This is where the foundations for the first years of school are laid. In two southern districts of Rwanda, we are therefore supporting 25 kindergartens and 20 schools so that the children have better educational opportunities.For this purpose, parents take part in training courses on early childhood development and teachers take part in further educational training courses. The children themselves also learn what rights they have and how they can claim them.
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