There are many Holocaust museums in Germany

Holocaust remembrance worldwide

Yad Vashem - Jerusalem

If you step out of the bright light of a Jerusalem summer day into the memorial for the children, you might think you are in heaven: the twilight inside lets you hardly see anything except countless points of light. They are reflected by mirrors all around you. In addition, it is very quiet, except for one voice. One after the other, she names the names of 1.5 million Jewish children in an endless series. Plus their age and the place where they were murdered. In Yad Vashem, Israel's national memorial for the six million Jews murdered by the National Socialists, you can experience many moments that touch you deeply, the "Children's Memorial" is one of them.

In 1953, Yad Vashem ("a memory and a name") was established as a memorial. Since then, the Holocaust - the extermination of the Jews - has been dealt with here. There is research, teaching, collecting, honoring and remembering. There are now almost three million entries in a huge database with the names of Holocaust victims. In the course of time, a museum, the children's memorial, the valley of the communities and the avenue and garden of the upright among the nations were added to the memorial.

The museum has now been expanded and was reopened on Tuesday (March 15, 2005) in the presence of state guests from 40 countries. The mostly underground new building is brightly lit and modern. Audios, videos and other media technology should address the visitor in different ways. The old exhibition building from the 1950s is used as a magazine and library.

Photos of concentration camp inmates in the Yad Vashem memorial in Jerusalem

United StatesholocaustMemorialmuseum - WashingtonDC

The idea is simple: every visitor to the Washington Holocaust Museum receives a small booklet in which the fate of an individual victim is retold. The choice: by chance. While walking through the exhibition rooms, which trace the course of the Holocaust, one reads in the little book what fate that person had during the Nazi era. Very personal, very memorable. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum is - like many Holocaust sites - a museum and memorial. It wants to remember victims and survivors of the Holocaust - six million Jews, but also disabled people, Poles, Gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses and others. By early 2005, more than 20 million people have visited the house since it was founded in 1993 - most of them US citizens. With the establishment of the Israeli Yad Vashem memorial, the Holocaust Memorial Museum challenged its previously unique status. This is probably one of the reasons why Jerusalem decided to redesign its own museum.

Flora M. Singer points to a photo in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. It shows herself at the age of eleven and her three-year-old cousin Nathan Ciechanow.

Mémorial de la Shoa - Paris

The French Holocaust Museum is located in the Marais, the traditional Jewish residential and business district of Paris. The previous documentation and memorial center remained closed for three years due to renovation. On January 27, 2005, the 60th anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp, President Jacques Chirac opened the new Holocaust Museum, the "Mémorial de la Shoa". In addition to the previous memorial and archive, a memorial has been added in front of the entrance: the names of the 76,000 French Jews who were deported and murdered to the east during the German occupation of France were engraved on marble walls. The "Mémorial de la Shoa" claims to be the most important European Holocaust museum - next to Israel's Yad Vashem and the Washington Museum.

The marble walls with the names of 76,000 murdered French Jews in the Paris Holocaust Museum 'Mémorial de al Shoa'

Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe - Berlin

The Holocaust memorial in Berlin is intended to be a central place of remembrance of the murdered victims and a place of warning. 2711 concrete pillars are arranged in a grid on a 19,000 square meter field near the Brandenburg Gate. The Stehlenfeld is to be inaugurated on May 10, 2005. Together with the memorial, the Federal Republic of Germany is building a "Information Center" which is located underground in one corner of the memorial. Here, on 800 square meters, information about the Jewish victims, but also other groups of victims, is to be given.