Which red wines are considered dry
Overview of grape varieties
A noble red wine grape of Greek origin, from whose grapes excellent red wines, especially in Basilicata (Aglianico del Vulture) and in Campania (Taurasi), are obtained.
One of the most widespread and most cultivated red wine grapes in northern Italy, from Piedmont. The grape produces very different wines, deep colored, dry to sweet, low in extract to strong.
Delivers wines with less tannin content than the Cabernet Sauvignon, but also with less race and depth. The wine often has a grassy taste.
Main growing regions: Bordeaux, Loire
Produces dark-colored, acid and tannin-rich wines with a fine bouquet, often with a hint of black currants. They need a long time to ripen before they are ready to taste.
Most important growing regions: Bordeaux, Longuedoc-Roussillon, Bulgaria, Chile, California, South Africa, Australia
A red wine grape variety that is particularly widespread in Tuscany and is used as an additional grape for Chianti wine production.
The wines made from these grapes are deeply colored, rough and hard in their youth, often bitter even after they have ripened. Almost always only suitable for blending.
One of the great red plants of Tuscany, of compelling expression and exceptional quality. Its main characteristics are an intense almond bouquet that becomes finer and finer with age, dry, full-bodied, smooth and velvety.
This grape delivers deep-colored, very mild wines with a low tannin content, medium-heavy in alcohol, elegant and rich in finesse.
An intersection; Helfensteiner x Heroldrebe. The deep-colored red wine has a fragrant, varietal bouquet and a fruity, strong, extract-rich taste. It takes about two years to reach full maturity and then holds for a few years.
The wines obtained from the Gamay grape are light in alcohol and extract, fresh and fruity in bouquet and taste
Main growing regions: Beaujolais, Loire, Haut-Poitou, Chile, California
Wines from the Gattinara grape have a fine bouquet with violet and goudron bouquet that is particularly pronounced with age, dry, harmonious, with a typically bitter aftertaste. The Gattinara needs 4-6 years until it is ready to drink at all, and often 10 years and longer until it has reached its peak.
A crossing that occurs almost exclusively in Württemberg; Blauer Frühburgunder x Trollinger. The wine is pleasing, delicately fruity and of medium quality.
An intersection; Portugieser x Lemberger. The wine is classy, light and tannic and occasionally has an aromatic medicinal tone.
Grape variety from Emilia-Romagna is almost always used for sparkling (sparkling) red and rose wines.
A red wine particularly valued in Württemberg. Dark color, fruity, classy and with a clear tannin content. A bit grassy when young, it matures into a strong, sustainable wine after a few years.
Delivers soft, slightly fruity tasting red wines with a good color, which are often used as a supplement to Cabernet and Merlot blends.
Most important growing region: Bordeaux
The wines produced from these grapes are characterized primarily by suppleness, velvety and mildness, but are generally low in acid and not as tannic as Cabernet wines.
Main growing regions: Bordeaux, Chile, California
Delivers brightly colored, medium-weight wines with a high tannin content, which have a spicy bouquet with a hint of violet.
Most important growing region: Provence
A popular, well-tolerated, appealing wine. Low-bouquet, fresh, tasty and mild, it is best to drink young and fresh.
The grape variety is mainly used for red, sweet dessert, table and blended wines with an aromatic bouquet.
Most important growing region: Italy
A variety of black Riesling that is mainly grown in Württemberg. The wine is similar to Pinot Noir and is delicate, velvety and has a long lifespan.
Very good Italian red wine that is particularly convincing in Tuscany. Is used there as the main ingredient of Chianti.
A mutation of the blue pinot noir. The wines are very colorful, balanced and appealing.
A high-quality, velvety wine with a fine bitter almond aroma is obtained from this grape. It has strength and fullness, especially in recent times in wines that are rich in color, tannins and full-bodied. The noblest red wines are made from it in Burgundy. When blended with Chardonnay, the variety is also used to make champagne.
Most important growing regions: Burgundy and Alsace (as Pinot Noir), Germany, Italy (as Pinot Nero)
Delivers wines that have a strong color and alcohol, are rich in tannins and usually have a violet scent. The variety is found mainly on the Rhone.
The wines made from this red grape are brightly colored, have a high tannin content, but always require a long ripening period.
An old Spanish blue grape variety. It produces deep dark, elegant, long-lasting wines with a high alcohol content and a harmonious acidity.
Often referred to as "Swabian wine" because it occurs almost exclusively in Württemberg. A popular, fresh, mostly light red wine of medium quality.
The most important red wine grape variety in South Tyrol for light, tasty, low-tannin and acidic, soft red wines with a pleasant almond aroma.
The origin of this Californian red wine variety has never really been clarified, but it is often associated with the southern Italian variety Primitivo. In any case, this medium-early ripening variety is a piece of Californian identity in viticulture. The wines range from the same-pressed white wine to rose to strong, long-lasting red wine, which in extreme cases can have very high alcohol levels.
A grape variety mainly native to Romagna, which delivers dry or slightly sweet, fruity white wines.
A crossing, Rieslaner x Silvaner from Würzburg. In good years it can become a top wine; classy and elegant with friendly acidity.
Delivers extremely tasty wines with a high acid content, which must always be drunk fresh and young.
Most important growing region: Burgundy
French white grape variety, which wines are similar to Pinot Blanc and have a slightly richer bouquet and body.
A cross (Silvaner x Riesling) x Müller-Thurgau. The white wine variety is similar to the fragrant and fresh Müller-Thurgau, but has a higher must weight and a subtle nutmeg aroma that sometimes tends towards black currants.
Produces top wines not only in France. It is classy, fragrant, with a lot of fruit and body, fine-bodied and very nuanced in the aroma. They ripen slowly and are often stored in wooden barrels or even in barriques. Chardonnay has also been approved in Germany since 1991.
The vine is the dominant grape variety in the Touraine area and in Anjou on the Loire. The wines from her are dry to sweet.
Most important growing regions: Loire, South Africa, Chile, California
The wines obtained from this grape have a floral bouquet, are mild in taste and are considered excellent.
In the Ortenau the name of the Traminer grape variety.
Delivers gold-colored wines with a pleasant bouquet, which are harmonious in acidity and alcohol. You are young to drink.
Main growing regions: Southwest France, California
An intersection; Riesling x Silvaner. Resembles Riesling especially in terms of acidity and fine fruitiness. The wine develops faster in the bottle than the Riesling.
An old, very productive grape variety that can only be found on the Moselle today. The wines made from this vine have a high acid content, are low in extract, and are mostly used with sparkling wine or as a blend.
An intersection; Pinot Blanc x Müller-Thurgau. The wine has a fine nutmeg bouquet, enough extract and acidity, it is fruity, elegant and suitable for late harvest.
A mutation of the Müller-Thurgau vine, with a similar character, but a weaker bouquet.
A variant of the Traminer. The scent and taste of the wine are spicier, more expressive, stronger than the Traminer with the occasional scent of grapefruit or rose.
Most important growing regions: Germany, Alsace, Australia
Synonym for Ruländer, which is used more and more often when the Ruländer is developed dry, classy, elegant.
The preferred grape in Austria. The quality of the wine is wide and ranges from simple, inexpensive Heurigen and consumer wine to the finest and most durable top wines. Its color is greenish-yellow, golden yellow with age. The taste is fresh, tangy, with a good acidic background and a fine, spicy, slightly peppery aftertaste.
Old table and wine grape variety that can be found mainly in Marktgräflerland (Baden). The white bottle wine is light, tasty and mild, tangy and refreshing with a subtle bouquet. It tastes best young and fresh.
An intersection; Gutedel x Courtillier musqué. Is similar in style to the Müller-Thurgau, classy, with a lot of bouquet, and is often offered as a predicate wine. The wine can be stored well.
New breed from Trollinger x Riesling. Produces fruity, classy, full-bodied wines with a fine fragrance. Good shelf life.
An intersection; Silvaner x Pinot Blanc. The grape variety is mainly grown in the Palatinate and Rheinhesssen. The wine shows an intrusive nutmeg bouquet with fullness and force in good years.
An old crossing of Riesling x Silvaner. This variety is most widespread in Germany. The wines are tasty, fruity to fine-spicy with a fine nutmeg note, fresh and appealing.
Delivers light, fruity wines. As a result of their low acidity, they are generally sensitive to oxidation or vegetable and have a lively, distinctive aroma. As a "vin sur lie", the wine is left on the yeast for about six months and then has a typical yeast-like flavor.
Main growing regions: Nantes, Sèvre et Maine
Is a wine for those wine lovers who appreciate a nutmeg taste as a varietal characteristic.
An intersection; Silvaner x Gutedel., Which is mainly grown in the Maktgräflerland (Baden). A fine, fruity, mild wine that is fuller compared to Gutedel and at the same time shows more acidity.
The cross (Silvaner x Riesling) x Müller-Thurgau is a high quality new breed. The wine has a fragrant bouquet, is often classy and elegant. It has a typical elite character, although the necessary acid may occasionally be missing.
A crossing Müller-Turgau x Siegerrebe. In good years there are delicately fruity and harmonious wines. A longer bottle aging is advantageous for the wine.
Typical Veneto grape variety for light, very fruity and dry to slightly sweet white wines.
The "Queen of the Vines". Called Germany's best grape variety and is undervalued when it comes to the international banquet. Considered the grape of the future, well balanced, flowery, oily fragrance nuances with age, very long shelf life, pronounced acidity that slowly degrades. In France it occurs mainly in Alsace.
Synonyms for the Müller-Thurgau grape variety. Recently, a wine has been marketed under the name Rivaner in some German wine-growing regions, which is supposed to stand out qualitatively from the previous Müller-Thurgau wines.
The French grape variety Pinot Gris is one of the top German wines. The mild, powerful wine with a clear fragrance can only really satisfy when the grapes are fully ripe. The shelf life largely depends on the acid content. It needs a certain maturity and should not be drunk as a young wine.
Most important growing regions: Germany, Italy (as Pinot Grigio), Alsace (as Pinot Gris)
Produces aromatic, light or heavy alcoholic wines with a grassy, gooseberry-like taste and a lively acidity. In Bordeaux, the variety is blended with Semillon and pressed to the noble sweet wines Sauternes, Barsac etc. as well as the dry white Graves. In the Loire region, Sancerre and Pouilly-Fume are made from Sauvignon grapes.
Most important growing regions: Loire, Sauternes, Chile, South Africa, California, Australia
A cross between Silvaner and Riesling. This new breed, popular in Germany, produces interesting wines. The taste is lasting, fruity, classy and reminiscent of black currants.
A cross between Pinot Noir x (Chasselas rosa x nutmeg) that produces nutmeg-accentuated wines that are spicy, fruity, mild and full-bodied.
The wines made from this white grape are sometimes not very fruity in terms of bouquet and taste. A green apple tone is often noticeable in young, dry wines. They are therefore often mixed with Sauvignon balnc and muscadet.
Main growing regions: Sauternes, California, Australia
A cross between Madeleine angevine x Gewürztraminer. A traminer-like, mild-tasting, alcohol-rich, full-bodied wine with an extremely strong, fine bouquet of varieties.
A popular wine in Germany with a neutral, earthy or smoky taste.
Most important growing regions: Germany, Alsace
Main grape variety in Friuli, but can also be found in Veneto and Lombardy; their grapes produce dry, fruity white wines with a delicately bitter taste.
Usually delivers dry aromatic white wines with an unmistakable, varietal, delicate bitter almond taste.
Most important growing region: Toscana
A grape variety particularly found in Friuli and Veneto; delivers slightly sweet, fruity, sour white wines, which often have a hazelnut taste.
A full-bodied, elegant, extract-rich wine with a characteristic walnut-like taste. Pinot Blanc from good years are ideal for late harvest, which get better and better with age.
Most important growing regions: Germany, Champagne and Alsace (as Pinot Blanc), Italy (as Pinot Bianco), Chile, South Africa, California
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