Is the EU part of the UN

UN and EU

The UN [United Nations, also: UNO = United Nations Organization], founded in San Francisco in 1945, with its 193 member states (as of 2019) and its comprehensive set of tasks represents an attempt to overcome the anarchy of international relations through multilateral rules. Relations between the EU and the world organization date back to the 1960s. They intensified with the establishment of the common foreign and security policy and the obligation of the EU states to coordinate their actions in international organizations (Art. 34 TEU). The EU Commission is responsible for maintaining all useful relationships with the UN organs. For this purpose it set up an information office in New York in 1964, which was upgraded to an official agency in 1974 after the UN had granted the EC observer status. In addition, the commission enjoys observer status with most UN organs and special organizations, such as the so-called »Peacebuilding Commission«. Some of them contribute considerable financial support to the work of these bodies. In New York and Geneva alone, over 1,000 EU coordination meetings take place every year - often successfully. The presidencies of the UN and the EU put forward around 200 joint statements per year, and the EU member states vote i. d. R. with the EU line (General Assembly of the UN over 90%). Only on a few and sensitive topics such as nuclear disarmament do the positions of the EU members differ significantly. In addition to protecting the environment and development policy, crisis prevention and peacekeeping are another focus of the coordination between the EU and the UN. The cooperation between the Commission and the UN in peacekeeping goes back to a 1999 framework agreement. The joint declaration on cooperation in crisis management of September 2003 aims to dovetail European security and defense policy more closely with UN peacekeeping (peacekeeping measures). Since 2011, the President of the European Council has addressed the UN General Assembly on behalf of the EU; the EU is the only non-governmental organization involved in over 50 UN conventions. The consequences of the UK's exit from the EU (“Brexit”), a permanent member of the UN Security Council, will have for the European Union's common foreign and security policy (CFSP), among other things. from corresponding regulations that the EU agrees with the British government.

Internet

literature

  • H. Dijkstra et al .: The EU's partners in crisis response and peacebuilding: complementarities and synergies with the UN and OSCE, in: Global Affairs, H. 2-3 / 2018, pp. 185-196.
  • K. V. Laatikainen: Multilateral Leadership at the UN after the Lisbon Treaty, in: European Foreign Affairs Review, H. 4/2010, pp. 475-493.
  • G. Our: The European Union and the United Nations, in: W. Weidenfeld / W. Wessels (ed.), Yearbook of the European Union 2019, Baden-Baden 2019, pp. 441-446.

See also:
Brexit
Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)

from: Große Hüttmann / Wehling, Das Europalexikon (3rd edition), Bonn 2020, Verlag J. H. W. Dietz Nachf. GmbH. Author of the article: M. Dembinski